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  1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum paludosum I.Verd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb 5–16 cm wide, narrowing into a neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves in rosette, light green, arching, arcuate, outer leaves ± prostrate, sparsely scabrid, undulate, 3–5.5 cm wide, inner leaves thinner than outer.
    Scape
    Scape robust, up to 40 × 1.8 cm; spathe valves 6–8 × 2–2.5 cm, soon withering and reflexing.
    Flowers
    Flowers subsessile, suberect, 3–5(11); pedicels 5–10 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube 7–12 cm long; segments predominantly white on the inside, often pink-flushed on the outside, the whole flower turning entirely pink as it ages, trumpet shaped, 8–12 cm long, inner 2.5–3 cm, outer 2–2.5 cm wide, not recurved at apices.
    Filaments
    Filaments declinate, white, turning pink in upper half; anthers brownish to greyish, 0.8–1 cm long.
    Style
    Style and stamens purplish in upper half; stigma distinctly 3-lobed, reddish.
    Fruits
    Fruits without a beak, c.3 cm wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds smooth, with a greyish water-repellent outer layer, floating in water.
    Distribution
    Also in Namibia (Maltahöhe Dist.) and possibly Tanzania.
    Ecology
    Growing in seasonally flooded pans; 400–1000 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread distribution; not threatened. Although originally considered Vulnerable in Namibia (Sabonet Red Data List 2002), the species is now considered Least Concern (Namibia Red Data List, Loots 2005).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Swamp lily

    Other Data

    Crinum paludosum I.Verd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Pl. Africa 39: t. 1523 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • in Bothalia 11: 35 (1973).
    • in Fl. Pl. Afr. 39: t.1523 (1968);

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/