1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Nerine Herb.
      1. Nerine humilis (Jacq.) Herb.

        Nerine humilis is a pink-flowered bulb from South Africa, which is easy to grow and flowers freely. The petals are particularly frilly. It is a very variable species in both size and growth habit. The specific epithet humilis (from the Latin for short/ low/ humble) relates to its low-growing habit.

    [KSP]

    Kew Species Profiles

    General Description
    Nerine humilis is a low-growing, pink-flowered bulb, found on rocky slopes in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape Provinces of South Africa, often flowering in huge numbers after veld fires.

    Nerine humilis is a pink-flowered bulb from South Africa, which is easy to grow and flowers freely. The petals are particularly frilly. It is a very variable species in both size and growth habit. The specific epithet humilis (from the Latin for short/ low/ humble) relates to its low-growing habit.

    Species Profile
    Geography and distribution

    Native to South Africa, where it occurs along the south and west coasts of Western Cape from near Clanwilliam, to the Eastern Cape in the Baviaanskloof.

    Being from the winter rainfall region of South Africa, Nerine humilis is adapted to warm, dry summers (November to March in the Southern Hemisphere) when the plants remain dormant in the wild. The active growing season in the wild is from April to November.

    Description

    Overview:  Nerine humilis is a bulb up to 6 cm across, with flat, strap-shaped leaves.

    Leaves:  Each bulb bears 3-8 leaves up to 30 cm long and 1.7 cm wide. The leaves are green or glaucous and are usually well-developed at the time of flowering.

    Flowers:  Each bulb can produce 1-3 flowering stems, 10-40 cm tall. Each flowering stem bears 1-12 flowers in a flat umbel, each with the six perianth segments (sepals/petals) spreading upwards, wavy-edged, deep to pale pink, 3-5 cm long and 3-7 mm wide. The six stamens curve downwards. The single style is three-lobed at the apex when mature.

    Seeds:  The fleshy seeds are 4 mm across.

    Threats and conservation

    Nerine humilis has a relatively wide distribution in South Africa and is not threatened. It is considered to be of Least Concern (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria.

    Uses

    Nerine humilis is widely cultivated as an ornamental. It is valued as an autumn-flowering bulb in the Northern Hemisphere (though it flowers from April to June in South Africa, where it is native).

    Cultivation

    Nerine humilis bulbs should be grown in sandy soil, with some acid humus. It performs best when planted in a large pot and left undisturbed until the bulbs become overcrowded. It should be planted with the neck of the bulb protruding above the soil. It should be protected from frost in the winter, and kept on the dry side, particularly in summer when the bulbs are dormant.

    This species at Kew

    Nerine humilis can be seen in the Davies Alpine House at Kew during the autumn.

    Pressed and dried specimens of other species of Nerine are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. The details of some of these, including images, can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.

    Distribution
    South Africa
    Ecology
    Rocky slopes; usually on sandstone.
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria.
    Hazards

    None known, although the related Nerine sarniensis (Guernsey lily) is poisonous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Common Names

    English
    Nerine

    Nerine humilis (Jacq.) Herb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ross-Frames, P. [20369], South Africa Nerine tulbaghensis K000366217
    Breach [876/33], South Africa Nerine breachiae K000366219 Unknown type material
    Peers, V.S. [20370], South Africa Nerine peersii K000366218 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Mag. 47: t. 2124 (1820)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Species Profiles
    • World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2010). The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Duncan, G. (2009). Nerine humilis. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 26: 200-209.
    • Manning, J., Goldblatt, P. & Snijman, D. (2002). The Color Encyclopedia of Cape Bulbs. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
    • Victor, J.E. (2002). South Africa. In: Southern African Plant Red Data Lists, ed. J. Golding, pp. 93-120. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET, Pretoria.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Species Profiles
    Kew Species Profiles
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0