1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Geonoma Willd.
      1. Geonoma deversa (Poit.) Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1200 m.; Amazonia, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [PW]
    General Description
    Plants 2.4(0.5-5.0) m tall; stems 2.4(0.3-7.0) m tall, 1.0(0.5-1.8) cm in diameter, solitary or clustered, canelike or not cane-like; internodes 1.9(0.5-7.5) cm long, yellowish and smooth. Leaves 11(6-18) per stem, undivided or irregularly pinnate, sometimes regularly pinnate and the pinnae with 1 main vein only, not plicate, bases of blades running diagonally into the rachis; sheaths 12.5(5.0-27.5) cm long; petioles 20.6(4.2?82.0) cm long, drying green or yellowish; rachis 42.0(17.2-92.5) cm long, 3.2(1.4-7.0) mm in diameter; veins not raised or slightly raised and triangular in cross-section adaxially; pinnae 5(1-28) per side of rachis; basal pinna 28.5(10.5-60.5) cm long, 6.4(0.5-27.0) cm wide, forming an angle of 42(20-93)° with the rachis; apical pinna 19.9(8.8-35.5) cm long, 12.4(0.6-26.7) cm wide, forming an angle of 28(14-45)° with the rachis. Inflorescences branched 1?3 orders; prophylls and peduncular bracts not ribbed with elongate, unbranched fibers, flattened, deciduous; prophylls 6.8(3.0-13.0) cm long, not short and asymmetrically apiculate, the surfaces not ridged, without unequally wide ridges; peduncular bracts 4.8(3.2-7.5) cm long, well-developed, inserted 0.3(0.1-0.7) cm above the prophyll; peduncles 8.3(2.0-19.7) cm long, 4.2(1.9-9.0) mm in diameter; rachillae 13(3-43), 16.7(6.5-32.0) cm long, 1.9(1.0-3.4) mm in diameter, the surfaces without spiky, fibrous projections or ridges, drying brown, with faint to pronounced, short, transverse ridges, not filiform and not narrowed between the flower pits; flower pits tricussately or quadricussately arranged throughout the rachillae, the groups of pits closely spaced, glabrous internally; proximal lips without a central notch before anthesis, not recurved after anthesis, hood-shaped at anthesis, sometimes splitting post-anthesis; proximal and distal lips drying the same color as the rachillae, joined to form a raised cupule, the margins not overlapping; distal lips well-developed; staminate and pistillate petals not emergent, not valvate throughout; staminate flowers deciduous after anthesis; stamens 6; thecae diverging at anthesis, inserted almost directly onto the filament apices, the connectives bifid but scarcely developed; anthers short and curled over at anthesis; nonfertilized pistillate flowers deciduous after anthesis; staminodial tubes crenulate or shallowly lobed at the apex, those of non-fertilized flowers not projecting and persistent after anthesis; fruits 6.6(4.5-8.1) mm long, 5.6(4.4-7.0) mm in diameter, the bases without a prominent stipe, the apices not conical, the surfaces not splitting at maturity, without fibers emerging, not bumpy and not apiculate; locular epidermis without operculum, smooth, without pores.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Geonoma deversa (Poit.) Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Clarke, H.D. [6238], Guyana K000208519
    Jan 1, 1967 Spruce, R. [28], Brazil K000526449 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1967 Spruce, R. [28], Brazil K000526450 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1967 Wendland [s.n.], Costa Rica K000526466 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1967 Wendland [s.n.], Costa Rica K000526467 Unknown type material
    Ule, E. [5882], Brazil K000632614 Unknown type material

    First published in Enum. Pl. 3: 231 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Henderson, A. (2011). A revision of Geonoma (Arecaceae) Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., A revision of Geonoma in Phytotaxa 17. 2011
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Henderson, A. (2011). A revision of Geonoma (Arecaceae) Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0