1. Family: Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi
    1. Genus: Pinus L.
      1. Pinus roxburghii Sarg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Pakistan to Himalaya and NW. India.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Pinus roxburghii is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -7.89, which places it in position 826 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 7.52, ranked 396. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Ascension

    Pinus roxburghii Sarg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2009 Rechinger, K.H. [19586], Pakistan K000554108
    Dec 1, 2009 Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000554109
    Dec 1, 2009 Edgeworth, M.P. [255], India K000554105
    Dec 1, 2009 Rodin, R.J. [5334], India K000554104
    Dec 1, 2009 Grierson, A.J.C. [1987], Bhutan K000554102
    Dec 1, 2009 Grierson, A.J.C. [4591], Bhutan K000554106
    Dec 1, 2009 Gamble, J.S. [25678], India K000554103
    Dec 1, 2009 leg. ign. ["C.h."1113], India K000554107
    Dec 1, 2009 Beaumont, T.E. [16], Nepal K000554101

    First published in Silva N. Amer. 11: 9 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Cox, T. (2012). Ascension island - a Conifer road less travelled The British Conifer society journal 18: 19-25.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Farjon, A. (2010). A handbook of the world's Conifers 2: 533-1111. BRILL, Leiden, Boston.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Cox, T. (2012). Ascension island - a Conifer road less travelled The British Conifer society journal 18: 19-25.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0