1. Family: Polygonaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rumex L.
      1. Rumex nepalensis Spreng.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and S. Africa, Madagascar, SE. Europe to China, Jawa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Habit
    A stout, ± straggling perennial herb up to 1.8 m tall A stout, ± straggling perennial herb up to 1.8 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, glabrous, striate Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, glabrous, striate.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina 25–45 × 7–9 cm, oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface, the upper leaves smaller; petiole of basal leaves 13–30 cm long Leaf lamina 25–45 × 7–9 cm, oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface, the upper leaves smaller; petiole of basal leaves 13–30 cm long.
    Ocrea
    Ocrea 0.5–3 cm long, striate, entire, ± caducous Ocrea 0.5–3 cm long, striate, entire, ± caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, pendulous, in whorls borne in terminal racemose panicles; the basal whorls in the axils of foliaceous bracts; pedicels filiform, articulated near the base Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, pendulous, in whorls borne in terminal racemose panicles; the basal whorls in the axils of foliaceous bracts; pedicels filiform, articulated near the base.
    Perianth
    Outer perianth segments brownish, 1–1.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments dark brown, accrescent, 3–4(4.5) × 1.5–2 mm, triangular, usually with an obtuse or lanceolate apex, with or without tubercles but with 5–6 hooked teeth 1–2 mm long on the margin Outer perianth segments brownish, 1–1.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments dark brown, accrescent, 3–4(4.5) × 1.5–2 mm, triangular, usually with an obtuse or lanceolate apex, with or without tubercles but with 5–6 hooked teeth 1–2 mm long on the margin.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers oblong Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers oblong.
    Ovary
    Ovary trigonous Ovary trigonous.
    Fruits
    Nut pale brown, shiny, 2–2.5(3) × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous. Nut pale brown, shiny, 2–2.5(3) × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous.
    Ecology
    In wetter montane or submontane areas, in grassland and on margins of rain forest, on stream banks and similar wet places; 700–2000 m.
    Distribution
    Also in Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Dem. Rep. Congo, Angola, South Africa and Madagascar, north to southern Europe and east to SW China. Malawi Zambia ZIM E, ZAM E, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S Zimbabwe
    [FWTA]

    Polygonaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Perennial herb, with stems 3–6 ft. high.
    [FTEA]

    Polygonaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Habit
    An erect, ± glabrous, stout, perennial herb, up to 1.8 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems green to greenish brown.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrow and long, up to 33 cm. long but rarely exceeding 6 cm. broad (usually approximately 7–9 times as long as broad), oblong-lanceolate, often ± parallel sided, apically obtuse, sometimes rounded, basally cuneate; glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface; flat or crispate on the margins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an open, ± stout panicle with long branches.
    Flowers
    Flowers in fascicles, pendulous.
    Tepal
    Inner tepals accrescent, dark brown, opaque, elongate-triangular, 3–4 (–5) mm. long, with or without tubercles, usually with an unarmed, obtuse, lanceolate apex but the margins otherwise armed with 56 strongly hooked teeth 1.52 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Nut trigonous, ovoid, brown, shining, 2.53 × 1.52 mm.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland & bushland, upland rain-forest, riverside grassland, particularly in damp places, 690–3700 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 widely spread through eastern Africa reaching Ethiopia and the Transvaal

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, India, Italy, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Myanmar, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Qinghai, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Japan

    Rumex nepalensis Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 27, 2008 Naiga [301], Uganda K000449606
    Jun 27, 2008 Sheil and Vanheist [362], Uganda K000449605
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9009], Cameroon K000198122
    Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4307 r], Cameroon K000198127
    Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [2018], Cameroon K000198126
    Jun 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4536], Cameroon K000746967
    Jul 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [616], Cameroon K000746962
    Jun 1, 1999 Cable, S. [2963], Cameroon K000746959
    Jun 1, 1999 Cable, S. [2963], Cameroon K000746960
    Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [792], Cameroon K000746958
    Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [861], Cameroon K000746961
    Jun 1, 1999 Munyenyembe, P. [760], Cameroon K000746964
    May 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3513], Cameroon K000746966
    May 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [676], Cameroon K000746963
    May 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [625], Cameroon K000746965
    Jan 1, 1992 Etuge, M. [322], Cameroon K000198121
    Strachey, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132858
    Strachey, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132857
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1728], Nepal K001114005
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 1728], India K001114006
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1728] K001114007

    First published in Syst. Veg. 2: 159 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 1-710. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fl. Ethiopia 2, 1: 338 (2000). TAB. 10, fig. D.
    • Bot. Not. Suppl., vol. 3, 3: 89 (1954).
    • Hutchinson & Dalziel, F.W.T.A. 1, 1: 120 (1927).
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 1: 171 (1926).
    • F.T.A. 6, 1: 117 (1909).
    • Syst. Veg. 2: 159 (1825).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 1-710. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0