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  1. Family: Annonaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Artabotrys R.Br.
      1. Artabotrys velutinus Scott Elliot

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa to Uganda.

    [FWTA]

    Annonaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Scandent shrub or liane
    Flowers
    Yellowish flowers.
    [FTEA]

    Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Liane or climbing shrub 3–8 m. long; young stems densely covered with spreading bristly ferruginous hairs; older stems blackish, rugose, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades oblong-elliptic to obovate-lanceolate, 5–15 cm. long, 2–5.3 cm. wide, shortly acuminate to almost rounded at the apex, rounded or cuneate at the base, mostly subcoriaceous or thin, glabrous above, adpressed pilose beneath, at least on the midrib and nerves; venation reticulate on both surfaces, somewhat prominent beneath; petiole 2–6 mm. long, pilose.
    Flowers
    Flowers in 1–9-flowered fascicles borne on hooked peduncles; pedicels2.5–6(–9) mm. long, covered with spreading ferruginous hairs; bracts elliptic, cucullate, 2–4 mm. long, ± 2 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, triangular or narrowly lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, 2.5–3 mm. wide, acuminate, ferruginous pilose.
    Corolla
    Petals whitish-yellow or yellow, subequal, linear, almost terete but flattened inside, 6–9 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide above, enlarged at the base and excavated, 2–3 mm. wide, very densely adpressed pubescent with pale ferruginous hairs.
    Stamens
    Stamens 17–20, cuneiform, 1 mm. long; connective-prolongation truncate.
    Carpels
    Carpels 7–9; ovary ovoid, ± 1 mm. long, more or less compressed, glabrous; styles ellipsoid-oblong, ± 1 mm. long, curved; receptacle hirsute between the carpels.
    Fruits
    Monocarps green, later red, ellipsoid to ellipsoid-globose, (1–) 1.3–1.9 cm. long, (0.6–)0.8–l.3(–2) cm. wide, rounded at the apex, 1–2-seeded, glabrescent or sparsely pubescent, sessile.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark, ellipsoid to ellipsoid-globose, 1.2–1.8 cm. long, 9–10 mm. wide, 6.5–7.5 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Rain-forest clearings and edges, also thickets in wooded grassland; 1110 m.
    Distribution
    U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Artabotrys velutinus Scott Elliot appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 6, 1951 Lely, H.V. [541], Nigeria K000198866
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [5137], Sierra Leone K000198865

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30: 71 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Annonaceae: 1-131.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in J. Linn. Soc. 30: 71 (1894).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 40 (1954).
    • Scott Elliot in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 30: 71 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0