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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa.

[KBu]

Gosline, G., Marshall, A.R. & Larridon, I. (2019). Revision and new species of the African genus Mischogyne (Annonaceae). Kew Bulletin 74: 28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-019-9804-7

Conservation
IUCN assessed as LC (Rokni 2016).
Distribution
Guinea-Bissau to Nigeria.
Ecology
Riverine in wet evergreen forests and gallery forests, especially coastal forests (Ivory Coast). In secondary forest in Guinea.
Morphology General Bark
Bark blackish-green, finely rugose, pustulate; slash yellowish-white, fibrous, strongly scented, “smells like green tomatoes” (Nimba Botanic Team 974)
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 4 – 7 (– 10) m tall with slender arching habit, trunk cylindrical, up to 12 cm in diam.; old branches glabrous; young branches glabrous to sparsely pubescent rapidly glabrescent, hairs 0.1 – 0.3 mm long, appressed, brown
Morphology Leaves
Leaf lamina obovate to narrowly elliptic, 8 – 25 cm long, 2.5 – 12 cm wide, length:width ratio 2 – 3, apex acute to attenuate to acuminate, base rounded to acuminate to attenuate, chartaceous to coriaceous, glabrous or with white hairs below on younger leaves (var. sericea), glossy green above when fresh, drying matte, brown to olive, concolorous or lighter below
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 3 – 6 mm long, 1 – 2 mm in diam., with sparse to dense indumentum of hairs 0.2 – 0.8 m long
Morphology Leaves Leaf veins
Midrib glabrescent above and below to densely pubescent (var. sericea); secondary veins 7 – 12, secondary nerves ascending at 30° – 45° angle to midrib to 25 – 30% of the leaf length before anastomosing
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 1 (– 2?) Flower buds ovoid, 0.8 – 1.5 cm long, 0.5 – 1 cm in diam., apex obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 20 – 40, 1.2 – 2 mm long, 0.5 – 0.8 mm wide; filament rudimentary, connective visible as a line of hairs between thecae with extension absent or less than 0.1 mm long, terminating in a tuft of hairs 0.1 – 0.2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals oblong lanceolate, 0.9 – 1.6 cm long, 0.5 – 0.7 cm wide, length:width ratio 2 – 3, apex acute, base rounded, densely pubescent outside, same as on pedicel, tomentose inside; light green when fresh, light brown in herbarium material-Petals narrowly ovate, 1.5 – 2 cm long, 0.5 cm wide, length:width ratio 3 – 3.5, apex acute, base truncate, reflexed at anthesis, outer surface densely pubescent, hairs 0.2 – 0.5 mm long, appressed, light brown, inner surface tomentose becoming glabrous, white when fresh, dark brown in herbarium material-Torus columnar, 0.8 – 3 mm long, 1 – 1.5 mm diam., densely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels ellipsoid, 6 – 12, 4.5 – 5 mm long, 1.5 – 2 mm in diam., densely pubescent, hairs 0.8 – 1 mm long, stiff, semi-erect appressed upwards, stigma on a short style 0.4 – 0.9 mm long, 0.1 mm in diam., stigma bilobed, 0.6 – 1 mm long and wide, glabrous, yellow drying black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules c. 20 in two series
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Flowering pedicel 1 – 1.5 cm long, 0.5 – 1 mm in diam., pubescent, hairs 0.1 – 0.3 mm long, appressed, light brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits with a single mature monocarp in specimens seen. Monocarp 4 – 10 cm long, 1.5 – 6 cm in diam., ovoid or slightly constricted around seeds, dense indumentum of erect brown to white hairs 0.08 – 0.1 mm long, greenish-yellow to yellow; stipe 1.5 cm long 0.5 cm diam.
Note
This species is widespread in West Africa where precipitation exceeds 1000 mm pa. It grows in a variety of forest habitats. Keay (1952) described three varieties. We have been unable to find any consistent difference between his var. glabrum and the nominate variety. The two remaining varieties are described below. Named for the collector Prof. George Francis Scott Elliot from Kew who collected the type while attached to the Sierra Leone Boundary Commission expedition in 1892.
Phenology
Flowering in February – May, November. Fruiting April – November.
Type
Sierra Leone, Talla Hills, Duunia, Mount Gonkwi, 1892, Scott-Elliot 4855 (lectotype, designated by Turner (2013): K! [K000198794], isolectotype B* [B 10 0153004]).

[FWTA]

Annonaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Tree 15–20 ft. high
Ecology
Often in riverine forest
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white.

[KBu]
Use
Var. sericea: “The old leaves lose their hairs and become hard, and are used for cleaning caps and other cloth articles.” (Deighton 510).

Native to:

Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

Mischogyne elliotiana (Engl. & Diels) R.E.Fr. ex Le Thomas appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Keay, R.W.J. [22828], Nigeria 17644.000
Keay, R.W.J. [37071], Nigeria Uvariastrum elliotianum 7075.000
Scott Elliot, G.F. [4855], Sierra Leone Uvariastrum elliotianum K000198794 isotype

First published in Fl. Gabon 16: 285 (1969)

Accepted by

  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0