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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cypripedium L.
      1. Species: Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.
        1. Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight

        This variety is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic America to U.S.A.

    [C-EM]
    Ecology

    A plant of rich woods growing in heavy damp humusrich but well-drained soils in partial shade, also on rocky hillsides, along streams, in meadows and clearings, in shallow turfy depressions on treeless limestone barrens and plateau in peaty soil, and in talus of limestone cliffs. It thrives in limestone areas, but the soils are usually neutral to slightly acidic; sea level to 2000 m. Flowers from May to July depending on latitude, habitat, climate, and soils.

    General Description

    An erect herb 10-80 cm tall, more or less densely glandular hairy throughout, often forming clumps, with short stout creeping rhizomes with fibrous roots. Erect stems terete, leafy above, covered by three more or less pubescent tubular sheaths below. Leaves pleated strongly, many-nerved, three to five (rarely six), elliptic to ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 5-20 cm long, 2.1-10 cm wide, somewhat two-ranked, sheathing the stem below, bright green, pubescent above and below on veins, ciliate. Inflorescence one- or two-flowered; rhachis terete, glandular hairy; bracts leaf-like, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 2.9-10 cm long, 0.8-4 cm wide, pubescent and ciliate. Flowers medium-sized to large, showy, the sepals and petals yellow or greenish usually suffused and streaked with rusty brown or dull brown, tIle lip yellow with ma.. genta spots and streaks within, the staminode yellow with red spotting; pedicel and ovary 2-3.2 cm long, reddish glandular hairy. Dorsal sepal suberect to porrect, lanceolate, acuminate, 2.5-7(-8.5) cm long, 1.4-3.5 cm wide, often undulate and slightly spirally twisted. Synsepal similar but bidentate at apex, 2.3-8 cm long, 1.4-2.5 cm wide, incurved behind lip and with lateral margins somewhat reflexed. Petals spreading-deflexed at 45 to 60° below horizontal, spirally twisted one to three times, rarely untwisted, linear-tapering, acuminate, 3-7(-9) cm long, 0.5-1 cm wide, pubescent on mid-vein and at base within. Lip ellipsoidal, obovoid or subreniform, with a small mouth, 2-5.2 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide; apical margins incurved, incurved sides with a pleat on each side at the base. Column short, c. 1 cm long; staminode subsessile, concave towards apex, conduplicate, triangular-ovate, blunt, 1-1.2 cm long, 0.7-1 cm wide; filaments extending beyond anthers, subacute.

    Distribution

    Canada (from the Yukon and British Colombia across to the eastern seaboard and Newfoundland), U.S.A. (from southeastern Alaska, Washington and Oregon across to the eastern seaboard and south to Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona). Common in the eastern parts of its range but rarer in the west and south.

    Biology

    Flowers from May to July depending on latitude, habitat, climate, and soils.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, British Columbia, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Labrador, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Yukon

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fay [18786] 73213.000
    Fay [19107] 73616.000
    Dryden, K., USA 62761.000
    Dryden, K., USA 62762.000
    Baker, W.J. [WJB 753] 63241.011
    Cypripedium pubescens 20339.000
    Cypripedium pubescens 5790.000
    Drummond [s.n.], USA Cypripedium pubescens K000363740
    Gouldie [s.n.], Canada Cypripedium pubescens K000363724
    Adams Fritchey, J.Q. [s.n.], USA Cypripedium pubescens K000363722
    Chickering, J.W. [s.n.], USA Cypripedium pubescens K000363723
    Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 57352.000
    Schwarz, V.T., USA Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 45331.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Rhodora 8: 93 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org

    • von Willdenow, C.L. Original description of Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens. 8, (1906).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/