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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FZ]

Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree (0.6)1.2–7 m tall, branched to the base with lower (shade) branches more sympodial than upper branches; young branches glabrous to densely pubescent; older branches covered with buff to greyish bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually drying green or brown, those on lower branches often broader and thinner in texture than those on upper branches; blades 1.6–12.5 × 1–6.1 cm, narrowly to broadly elliptic or oblanceolate to obovate, acute to obtuse or rounded, occasionally slightly emarginate at the apex, often with small horny callous at the tip, cuneate to attenuate at the base, entirely glabrous to pubescent; lateral nerves in 5–8 main pairs; domatia absent; bacterial nodules dot-like to linear, scattered, usually several; petiole 0.1–2 cm long, glabrous to pubescent; stipule limbs greenish, opaque, subtruncate to triangular, 2–5 mm long, shortly acuminate, glabrous or pubescent outside, with silky hairs inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences moderately compact to very lax, 1.7–7 cm across (excluding corollas); peduncles 0–7 mm long; primary inflorescence branches 0.3–1.8(2.5) cm long, glabrous to pubescent; secondary branches very short or ± equalling primary branches; tertiary branches occasionally present; pedicels 0.2–2.2 cm long, slender or ± robust, glabrous or pubescent; bracts buff-coloured, 2–5 mm long, membranous, with sparse to dense silky hairs inside, caducous; bracteoles buff-coloured, ± translucent. Inflorescence-supporting branches present as short spurs (which are sometimes entirely suppressed) or short leafless branches up to 8.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube c. 1 mm long, glabrous or pubescent; limb (0.25)0.5–1.25 mm long, truncate, repand or with short triangular lobes up to 1 mm long, glabrous or occasionally sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cream-coloured to yellow, usually drying buff or brown; tube 0.4–1.5 cm long, 1–2 mm wide at the top, glabrous outside, not bearded at the throat; lobes (3)5–7 × 2–3 mm, lanceolate to ovate, obtuse to shortly acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit black, 6–8 mm in diameter, shiny.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed greyish-black, 4–6 mm wide, rugulose on convex face.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree (0.6–)1.2–7 m tall; young branches glabrous to densely pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades narrowly to broadly elliptic or oblanceolate to obovate, 1.6–12.5 × 1–6 cm, acute, obtuse, rounded or occasionally slightly emarginate at apex, glabrous to pubescent; lateral nerves in 5–8 main pairs; bacterial nodules dot-shaped to linear, scattered, usually several; petiole 1–20 mm long, glabrous to pubescent; stipule limbs subtruncate to triangular, 2–5 mm long, shortly acuminate, with silky hairs inside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences borne on leafless spurs or short branches, or if these suppressed, then arising directly from main stems, moderately compact to very lax, 1.7–7 cm across (excl corollas); primary branches 0.3–1.8(–2.5) cm long, glabrous to pubescent; secondary branches very short to ± equalling primary branches; tertiary branches occasionally present; pedicels 2–22 mm long, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweetly scented
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-limb (0.25–)0.5–1.25 mm long, truncate, shallowly dentate or with short triangular lobes up to 1 mm long, glabrous or occasionally sparsely hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cream to bright yellow; tube 0.4–1.5 cm long, 1–2 mm wide at top, glabrous outside; lobes (3–)5–7 × 2–3 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 6–8 mm in diam.
Ecology
Buxus scrub or in forest, in shaded or exposed positions, often in rocky places or gullies in the north, Acacia-Commiphora bushland on red soil in the south; c. 230 m in the south, 1100–1600 m in the north.
Distribution
N1–3; S1; throughout tropical Africa, as far west as Togo, and southwards to South Africa.
Note
The material from Somalia has glabrous inflorescence-branches and pedicels and belongs to var. gardeniifolia. Var. subtomentosa K. Schum, with pubescent inflorescences, is widespread in Africa but absent from the north-eastern parts. The single collection seen from southern Somalia, O´Brien 221, has obovate leaves, whilst in the northern collections the leaves are narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate.
Vernacular
Bies, buran, eina quayeye, guro, gotimah-somih, kalahailye, medanya (Somali).

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree (0.6–)1.2–7 m. tall; young branches glabrous to densely pubescent; older branches covered with buff to greyish bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades usually drying green or brown, narrowly to broadly elliptic or oblanceolate to obovate, 1.6–12.5 cm. long, 1–6.1 cm. wide, apex acute, obtuse or rounded, occasionally slightly emarginate, often with small horny callous at the tip, base cuneate to attenuate, entirely glabrous to pubescent; bacterial nodules dot-shaped to linear, scattered, usually several; petiole 0.1–2 cm. long, glabrous to pubescent; stipule-limbs greenish, opaque, subtruncate to triangular, 2–5 mm. long, shortly acuminate, glabrous or pubescent outside, with silky hairs inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Corymbs terminal on short spurs (which are sometimes entirely suppressed) or on short leafless lateral branches up to 8.5 cm. long, moderately compact to very lax, 1.7–7 cm. across; peduncles 0–7 mm. long; primary inflorescence-branches 0.3–1.8(–2.5) cm. long, glabrous to pubescent; secondary branches very short or ± equalling primary branches; tertiary branches occasionally present; pedicels 0.2–2.2 cm. long, slender or ± robust, glabrous or pubescent; bracts buff-coloured, 2–5 mm. long, membranous, with sparse to dense silky hairs inside, caducous; bracteoles buff-coloured, ± translucent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube ± 1 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent; limb (0.25–)0.5–1.25 mm. long, truncate, repand or with short triangular lobes up to 1 mm. long, glabrous or occasionally sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cream to yellow, usually drying buff or brown; tube 0.4–1.5 cm. long, 1–2 mm. wide at top, glabrous outside, not bearded at throat; lobes lanceolate to ovate, (3–)5–7 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, obtuse to shortly acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit black, 6–8 mm. in diameter, shiny.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed greyish black, 4–6 mm. wide, rugulose on convex face.

[FSOM]
Use
The wood is strong and can be used, for example, for digging.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Pavetta gardeniifolia Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 351 (1848)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by D. Bridson & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 351 (1847).
  • Armari in Pirotta, Fl. Eritrea 1(2): 153 (1904).
  • Becc. in Martelli, Fl. Bogos: 43 (1886).
  • Bremek. in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 37: 180 (1934).
  • Bridson & Troupin in Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 567, fig. 194/1 (1983).
  • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 32: 641 (1978).
  • Bridson, Troupin & Verdc. in Fl. Rwanda 3: 190, fig. 58/1 (1985).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 458 (1952).
  • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 177 (1877).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0