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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chascolytrum Desv.
      1. Chascolytrum juergensii (Hack.) Essi, Souza-Chies & Longhi-Wagner

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia, SE. & S. Brazil.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Colombia
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect; 25-80 cm long; 2-3 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-4 mm long. Leaf-blades flat; 15-50 cm long; 2-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib keeled beneath. Leaf-blade surface ungrooved; glabrous, or puberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; 4-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches 6-12 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-15 mm long; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.2-0.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.2-0.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 2.6-3.1 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2.6-3.1 mm long; 1.1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma trullate; 3-3.7 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; keeled; winged on margins; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lemma apex cuspidate; mucronate. Palea lanceolate, or elliptic; 2.3-2.6 mm long; membranous; 2 -veined. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; lanceolate; 0.5-0.6 mm long; membranous; acute. Anthers 1(-3); 0.1-0.2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; trigonous; 1.2 mm long. Hilum elliptic.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Poeae. Mathei 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Chascolytrum juergensii (Hack.) Essi, Souza-Chies & Longhi-Wagner appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hatschbach, G. [28326], Brazil Briza juergensii K001077941
    Hatschbach, G. [17553], Brazil Briza juergensii K001077942
    Smith, L.B. [15700], Brazil Briza juergensii K001077943
    Smith, L.B. [13367], Brazil Briza juergensii K001077944
    Essi, L. [122], Rio Grande do Sul Briza juergensii K001077945 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Novon 20: 153 (2010)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0