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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Thaumatophyllum Schott
      1. Thaumatophyllum uliginosum (Mayo) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Brazil.
    General Description
    STEM: erect, 35-150 cm tall, up to c. 5 cm diam., sometimes branching at base to form clumps; adventitious roots not seen above ground; internodes 0.5-5 mm long, greyish-brown; prophyll scars 0.3-1.4 cm long, glossy greyish brown; intravaginal squamules inconspicuous, sometimes persistent, often lacking, small, patent, 1.5-3.5 mm long, 0.5-1.7 mm broad at base, triangular, acuminate, distant, inconspicuous on older part of stem; foliage leaf scars 2-2.9 cm broad, 2-2.5 cm wide, broadly obovate, rhombic or transversely elliptic, greyish-brown becoming grey on older stem portion. LEAF: prophyll about 17 cm long; petiole 25 - 40 cm long, 0.5-0.7 cm diam. at apex, sulcate adaxially with ± sharply angled margins, rounded abaxially, sheath 3.5-11 cm long; leaf blade triangular- to ovate-sagittate, rarely subhastate, margins entire, rarely repand, overall length (18-)20-46(-53) cm, overall width (10-)15-26(-34) cm, upper surface dark to mid green, glossy, lower surface paler, duller; anterior division 18.5-30 cm long, 16-26 cm wide, apex subacute to acute, primary lateral veins (5-)6-7 per side, arising at angle of 30-80° to midrib, somewhat paler than blade on both surfaces, finest parallel veins paler than blade on upper surface; posterior divisions 6-16 cm long, 0.24-0.34 x overall blade length, 8.5- 13 cm wide, basal ribs denuded for (0.9-)1.8- 4 cm, tip acute to subacute, rounded at extremity, primary acroscopic veins (l-)2(-3), primary basiscopic veins 0-3. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle 7.5 - 17(-22) cm long; spathe 10.5-15.5(-16.5) cm long, ca. 3.5-5.5 cm diam. at middle, somewhat constricted, decurrent for 2.5-3.5 cm, at anthesis outer surface green becoming yellowish- or white-membranous at margins, inner surface creamy white; spadix 9.2-9.9(-11) cm long overall, fertile male zone (3.0-)3.5- 4 cm long, (1.3-)1.9 - 2 cm diam., subclavate, white, sterile male zone 3.3-5.5 cm long, (1.3 -)1.7-2 cm diam., cylindric, female zone 1.8-2.5 cm long, (1.0-)1.4 - 1.5 cm diam. near base, tapering upwards. FLOWERS: stamens 5-5.5 mm long, 0.6-1.2 mm diam. at apex, tapering slightly towards base; staminodes 4.2-5.1 mm long, 0.7-1.4 mm diam. at apex, tapering somewhat towards base, prismatic, truncate; gynoecium 3-4 mm long, ovary 15-2.2 mm diam., ± cylindric or barrel-shaped, locules 3-6, ovules 1 - 4(-5) per locule, inserted from near base to somewhat above middle of locule, ± distant, style body somewhat narrower than crown, raphides abundant around stylar canals and in ovary axis, compitum not penetrating ovary, style crown as broad as ovary, densely tanniniferous, lobes well-developed, central dome lacking, stylar canals entering locules subapically, stigma 1.5-2.7 mm diam., completely covering style lobes, ± lacking tannin hairs. INFRUCTESCENCE: berry many-seeded, 1.0-1.2 cm long, 0.6-0.9 cm diam., ± cylindric, white to beige, with delicious mango-like flavour, stigma remnant blackish; seed 2.8-3.5 mm long, 1.6-2 mm diam., ovoid.
    Habitat
    In flushes and marshes in open, upland grasslands ('campo'), in shade of gallery forests or gallery forest margins, along streams.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Thaumatophyllum uliginosum (Mayo) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1986 Hatschbach, G. [35350], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum K000434654 isotype
    May 1, 1986 Hatschbach, G. [35350], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum K000434653 isotype
    Hatschbach, G., Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 29047.418
    Mayo [712], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 58047.000
    Mayo [712], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 58052.000
    Mayo [700], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 58059.000
    Mayo [700], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 58063.000
    Mayo [712], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 58075.000
    Mayo [711], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 59087.000
    Mayo [700], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 59100.000
    Mayo [700], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 59103.000
    Mayo et al [700], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 29047.780
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Philodendron uliginosum 29047.415

    Bibliography

    First published in PhytoKeys 98: 64 (2018)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Gomes Gonçalves, E. & Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2009). Araceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 39: 1-109. Universidade Federal de Goiás.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/