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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Pemba), W. Indian Ocean to Pacific.
Cerbera manghas

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree 1.5–25 m high; trunk to 70 cm in diameter; bark grey to dark brown, rough, peeling off in clumps, with large lenticels; wood soft, white; glabrous in all parts except for corolla.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade coriaceous, narrowly obovate (elliptic), 5–31 cm long, 1–7(–8) cm wide, apiculate to acuminate (rounded or retuse); 15–40 pairs of secondary veins; petiole 1–4.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence many-flowered, to 23 cm long, lax near its base but otherwise congested; peduncle 1.5–12 cm long; pedicels 3–28 mm long; bracts sepal-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers fragrant, usually only one open per inflorescence; sepals pale green, spreading and often recurved, (4–)8–37 mm long, 2–8 mm wide; corolla tube greenish, 17–55 mm long; lobes white, often pinkish outside, obliquely elliptic to obovate, (9–)14–30(–35) mm long, (5–)9–18(–35) mm wide with 5 white or yellow lanate scales 1.5–3 mm long in the centre, pubescent at the mouth and inside the tube; stamens included, anthers subglobose, 1.5–3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 2 separate (rarely half-connate) mericarps, purplish red or pale green and suffused with red, mericarps ellipsoid, 5–12 cm long, 3–7 cm in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 22 (p. 66).
Habitat
Pandanus woodland; near sea level
Distribution
Madagascar to Pacific Ocean Islands P

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Introduced into:

Chagos Archipelago

Cerbera manghas L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2011 Pillon, Y. et al. [900], New Caledonia K000733079
Jan 1, 2009 Morat [7423], New Caledonia K000463982
Jan 1, 2009 Wong [WKM2862], Sabah K000639019
Jan 1, 2007 Takeuchi, W. et al. [16199], Papua New Guinea K000224372
Jan 1, 2007 Eanghourt, K. [8], Cambodia K000224354
Jan 1, 2007 Eanghourt, K. [8], Cambodia K000449171
Jul 16, 2004 Gaerlan, Fernando, Majaducon [PPI 23045], Philippines K000227754
Jan 1, 2001 Randriabololona, M. [825], Madagascar K000391478
Jan 1, 2001 Randriabololona, M. [838], Madagascar K000391479
Jan 1, 1999 Rabe, J. [92], Madagascar K000391467
Jan 1, 1998 Bojer [s.n.], Mauritius K000233637
Jan 1, 1998 Humblot, M. [195], Madagascar K000391463
Jan 1, 1998 Baron, R. [2751], Madagascar K000391468
Jan 1, 1998 Thouvenot, M. [3], Madagascar K000391472
Jan 1, 1998 Miller, J.S. [8790], Madagascar K000391477
Jan 1, 1998 Kitching, L. [s.n.], Madagascar K000391469
Jan 1, 1998 Kitching, L. [s.n.], Madagascar K000391470
Jan 1, 1998 Humblot, M. [195], Madagascar K000391476
Jan 1, 1998 Gerard, W.Y. [123], Madagascar K000391473
Jan 1, 1998 Lam, H.J. [5544], Madagascar K000391475
Jan 1, 1998 Methuan, P.A. [s.n.], Madagascar K000391465
Jan 1, 1998 Meller [s.n.], Madagascar K000391471
Jan 1, 1997 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [14588], Madagascar K000391484
Jan 1, 1997 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [14352], Madagascar K000391485
Jan 1, 1997 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [13743], Madagascar K000391488
Jan 1, 1997 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [14184], Madagascar K000391489
Jan 1, 1997 Gereau, R.E. [3278], Madagascar K000391494
Jan 1, 1997 Forster [s.n.], Society Is. K000894212
Jan 1, 1997 Schatz, G.E. [2413], Madagascar K000391487
Jan 1, 1997 Morat, P.h. [8535], Madagascar K000391483
Jan 1, 1997 Leandri, J. [4338], Madagascar K000391493
Jan 1, 1997 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [14253], Madagascar K000391486
Jan 1, 1997 Labat, J.-.N. [2256], Madagascar K000391491
Jan 1, 1997 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [14201], Madagascar K000391492
Jan 1, 1996 Baron, R. [1659], Madagascar K000391474
Jan 1, 1996 Gautier, L. [2518], Madagascar K000391490
Jan 1, 1996 s.coll. [26057], New Caledonia K000894213 isotype
Grimes, J. [1021], Indonesia 54407.000
Grimes, J. [1179], Indonesia 54547.000
Corner, E.J.H. [RSS 2742], Solomon Is. 6049.177
Hoffmann, P. [115], Madagascar K000391466
Chase, M.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000696086
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1582] K001113510
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1582] K001113511
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1582], Myanmar K001113504
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1582] K001113508
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1582] K001113507
Gautier, L. [3821], Madagascar K000391481
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1582] K001113512
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1582], India K001113513
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1582], Myanmar K001113505
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1582] K001113509
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1582], India K001113514
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 1582], Myanmar K001113506
Flores, T.C. [16], Madagascar K000391480
Rakotonasolo, F. [56], Madagascar K000391482
Jeffrey, C. [688], Seychelles Cerbera venenifera 23324.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 208 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Middleton, D.J. (2007). Apocynaceae (subfamilies Rauvolfioideae and Apocynoideae) Flora Malesiana 18: 1-474. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Middleton, D.J. (2011). Flora of peninsular Malaysia, II, 2: 1-235. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia.
  • Middleton, D.J. (2014). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 33: 1-276. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
  • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wheatley, J.I. (1992). A guide to the common trees of Vanuatu. With lists of their traditional uses & ni-Vanuatu names: 1-308. Department of Forestry, Port Vila.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Whitmore, T.C. (1966). Guide to the forests of the British Solomon islands: 1-208. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Sp. Pl.: 208 (1753), excluding synonyms.
  • Leeuwenberg in Taxon 41: 560 (1992)
  • Leeuwenberg in Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 98, 3: 21, figs. 2–3, photo 3–7, map (1999).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 185, ill. (1949).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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