1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Allophylus L.
      1. Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radlk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Tree up to 20 m. tall; wood hard, white, brittle; bark smooth, greyish-green; branchlets minutely tomentellous, eventually glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole 2–9 cm. long, minutely tomentellous; leaflets subequal or the terminal one up to nearly twice as long as the lateral ones; petiolules 2–9 mm. long; lamina of terminal leaflet 4·5–14 × 2–6 cm., elliptic, chartaceous, minutely tomentellous (sometimes subsericeous) on both surfaces when young and soon glabrescent, minutely glandular beneath, apex acute and slightly acuminate, margin rather shallowly and often irregularly (sometimes doubly) serrate or dentate, base cuneate and sometimes slightly narrowed; lateral nerves 8–10 pairs, often with tufts of hairs in their axils beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 8 cm. long (in our area), 1–2-branched, minutely tomentellous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in few-flowered subsessile glomerules, pedicels up to 1 mm. long, minutely tomentellous.
    Calyx
    Outer sepals 1·5 × 1·5 mm., subcircular, minutely pubescent, inner 1·5 × 1 mm., elliptic, minutely pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals 1 × 0·7 mm., spathulate.
    Androecium
    Stamens with filaments 1 mm. long in male flowers; staminodes with filaments 0·5 mm. long in female flowers.
    Style
    Style 1·5 mm. long, usually 3-fid.
    Fruits
    Fruit (not seen from our area) 6–8 × 6 mm., obovoid-globose, sparsely pubescent, with 1 or 2 cocci developing.
    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Medium to fairly large tree, rarely shrubby, (4.5–)6–21(–25) m. tall and with slender bole 30–90 cm. diameter, sometimes slightly buttressed at the base (e.g. in Chyulu Hills); crown dark green, open to dense, irregular or rounded; bark grey or greyish white, smooth or slightly rough or granular, sometimes peeling in small to large flakes; slash pale brownish pink or pale orange darkening to reddish brown and smelling of pepper, also described ( Ede 1,T7) as off-white with pinky brown green-edged lines; sapwood white; young branches minutely ferruginous tomentellous and densely lenticellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves trifoliolate, drying dull and dark above, thinly coriaceous; petiole 2.5–10.5 mm. long, minutely tomentellous or less often more distinctly pubescent; leaflets elliptic to obovate, (2.8–)5.5–21 cm. long, (1.2–)3–11 cm. wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, attenuate to cuneate at the base, shallowly crenulate to toothed, adpressed velvety pilose when very young, later glabrescent or glabrous to minutely puberulous, less often pubescent; tufts of hairs in axils of nerves and veins usually conspicuous beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 5–22 cm. long, with 2–10 branches, some again branched, usually finely tomentose; cymules subsessile; pedicels 1–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers said to be lily-scented or scentless; outer sepals elliptic, 1.2–1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, puberulous, inner elliptic to round, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; petals dirty white or yellowish, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
    Filaments
    Filaments 2–3 mm. long, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Style 2–3 mm. long, ± glabrous; stigma 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit red or orange, subglobose, oblong or elliptic, 6–8 mm. long and wide, with very sparse hairs.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid, 5–5.5 mm. long, 5.5–6 mm. wide.
    Habitat
    Rain-forest, montane forest edges, evergreen thicket, woodland, sometimes riparian; (650–)1050–2550(–?2850) m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radlk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [377], Ethiopia K000426156

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(5): 313 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 412, map (1994).
    • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 499, fig. 125.7 (1990).
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 298 (1983).
    • Hamilton, Field Guide Uganda For. Trees: 97 (1981).
    • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 498 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 223 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 504 (1961).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 303 (1960).
    • Wimbush, Cat. Kenya Timbers, ed. 2: 28 (1957).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 375 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 554 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 517 (1948).
    • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 534 (1932).
    • Baker f. in Journal of Botany 57: 186 (1919).
    • Gilg in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 476 (1912).
    • Radlk. in Sitz. Akad. Wiss. München 38: 223 (1909).
    • Radlk. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III, 5: 313 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0