1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Manilkara Adans.
      1. Manilkara discolor (Sond.) J.H.Hemsl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Tree 3–40 m. high; bole of larger specimens shallowly fluted near the base; slash pink; bark brown or blackish grey, longitudinally fissured.
    Stem
    Young stems glabrous to densely greyish–pubescent but soon glabrescent.
    Twigs
    Twigs with granular grey bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves tending to be clustered at branch ends. Lamina 3·5–7(13) x 1·5–5 cm., elliptic–obovate to obovate, apex emarginate, acute or apiculate, base acute; petiole 6–18 mm. long. Upper leaf surface glabrous, dark green, midrib impressed, very fine reticulation visible but veins not raised or impressed. Lower surface silvery–sericeous with a dense appressed indumentum, midrib prominent, main lateral nerves faintly visible, numerous, reticulation obscured by indumentum.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, in axillary fascicles on pedicels 3–6 mm. long. Form of flowers variable (see J. H. Hemsley, tom. cit.: 500–510, 1966); normal form as follows.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 4 mm. long, sepals ovate.
    Corolla
    Corolla equalling calyx, tube c. 1 mm. long; each petal 3–lobed, the median segment obovate, tapering to a slender basal attachment, the lateral segments elliptic.
    Stamens
    Stamens 12 in 2 whorls; anthers c. 1·5 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes absent.
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium c. 3 mm. long.
    Note
    Other flower forms: corolla simpler, petals entire (lateral segments absent) or trifid, or lateral segments present but united to near the apex; stamens all, or only the inner whorl, replaced by staminodes, these filament–like or represented by dentate flaps of tissue. (Flowers with a reduced androecium, i.e. less than 12 stamens, have a reduced corolla.)
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 1–3 x 0–8 cm., ovoid or ellipsoid, initially puberulous, glabrescent and yellow when ripe, edible, 1 (2)–seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds up to 1 cm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Small to medium tree, height up to 30 m., with rough dark grey or blackish bark.
    Buds
    Terminal buds, young shoots and petioles glabrescent.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0.5–1.7 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, up to 9.5(–11) cm. long, 4.5(–5.3) cm. wide, apex rounded and slightly emarginate or rarely shortly acuminate, broadly to narrowly cuneate, coriaceous; upper surface deep green with reticulum of very fine veins, lower surface silvery-grey with dense indumentum of minute closely appressed regularly arranged hairs sometimes brownish on midrib and main nerves or midrib glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, usually in clusters of 4–6 in axils of current leaves.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 3–10 mm. long, with brown pubescence.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes connate near base; outer lobes ovate or ovate-oblong, 4.5–6 mm. long, 3–3.7 mm. wide, with brown pubescence externally; inner lobes slightly smaller and with less pubescence.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow; tube ±1.5 mm. long; lobes trifid, or entire in ♀ flowers; two outer segments ± lanceolate, up to 4 mm. long; median segment ± elliptic, up to 5 mm. long, tapering to narrow basal attachment.
    Stamens
    Fertile stamens 6–12; filaments up to 3.5 mm. long; anthers up to 2.5 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes truncate or subulate, ± 1 mm. long, or sometimes filament-like and then up to 3.5 mm. long, irregularly denticulate or with few long teeth.
    Pistil
    Ovary depressed globose, pilose; style up to 4 mm. long; stigma simple or sometimes 6-papillate.
    Fruits
    Fruit ovoid or ± ellipsoid, up to 1.3 cm. long, 0.8 cm. in diameter, puberulous when young but becoming glabrescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary or rarely two present, obliquely ovoid and slightly flattened, up to 10 mm. long, 6 mm. in diameter; hilum lateral, oblique and extending to base.
    Figures
    Fig. 13, p. 71.
    Habitat
    Lowland and upland dry evergreen forest and well-drained sites in upland rain-forest; 400–2100 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T3 T7 T8 southwards to Mozambique, Malawi, Rhodesia and Natal Province of South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Manilkara discolor (Sond.) J.H.Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1956 Wood, J.M. [1134], South Africa K000901129
    Buchanan, J. [684], Malawi K000901118 isotype
    Jan 1, 2016 Gerrard [1661], South Africa Labourdonnaisia sericea K000874374 lectotype
    Jan 1, 2016 Gerrard [1661], South Africa Labourdonnaisia sericea K000874372 isolectotype
    Guerinzins [s.n.], South Africa Labourdonnaisia sericea K000874373

    First published in Kew Bull. 20: 510 (1966)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 20: 510 (1966).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 526 (1961).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0