1. Family: Linderniaceae Borsch, Kai Müll. & Eb.Fisch.
    1. Genus: Craterostigma Hochst.
      1. Craterostigma lanceolatum (Engl.) Skan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Rosette, perennial herb; rhizome stout, horizontal, with numerous roots.
    Leaves
    Leaves held erect, lanceolate, 3–7 xx 1–2.5 cm., narrowed at the base, subacute, entire, 3–5 nerves prominent beneath, glabrous and shining above, pubescent on the nerves beneath; petiole up to half as long as lamina, broad.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–12 cm. long, sparsely pilose, usually with several opposite, ovate flowerless bracts well below inflorescence, flowers shortly racemose in upper third or half, subsessile; bracts ovate.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 8 mm. long, shortly and acutely toothed, sparsely hispid on nerves.
    Corolla
    Corolla white with purple markings; c. 1.5 cm. long, upper lip nearly as long as lower, lobes very obtuse.
    Fruits
    Capsule no longer than calyx.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Malawi, Buchanan 796 (B†, holo.; K!, iso.)
    Habit
    Rosette perennial herb.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome stout, horizontal, with numerous roots
    Leaves
    Leaves held erect, lanceolate, 3–7 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide, gradually narrowing at base to form a broad petiole up to half as long as lamina, entire, apex acute to subacute, 3–5veined, veins prominent beneath, glabrous and shining above, pubescent on the veins beneath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–12 cm long, shortly racemose in upper third or half, sparsely pilose, usually with several pairs of ovate flowerless bracts well below inflorescence; flowers shortly pedicellate with pedicel 1–2 mm
    Bracts
    Bracts ovate, 12–14 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 8 mm long, shortly and acutely toothed, sparsely hispid on veins
    Corolla
    Corolla white with purple markings, ± 1.5 cm long, upper lip nearly as long as lower, lobes very obtuse
    Fruits
    Capsule about as long as calyx.
    Ecology
    Seasonally wet shallow soils over rock; 1700–1850 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC)
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe Flora districts: U4 K4 T4
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Craterostigma lanceolatum (Engl.) Skan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Buchanan [246], Malawi K000405165
    Buchanan, J. [796], Malawi K000405164 isotype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 331 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 82, pl. 32 (1999).
    • U.K.W.F.: 256 (1994)
    • Fischer, Syst. Afrik. Lindernieae, Trop. und subtrop. Plflanz.: 81: 116, t. 60–62 (1992)
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 54 (1990)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 331 (1906)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0