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  1. Family: Irvingiaceae
    1. Genus: Irvingia Hook.f.
      1. Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte ex O'Rorke) Baill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Benin to Uganda and N. Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Ixonanthaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Tree usually 18-36(-50) m. tall, with ample crown and with bole 0.7-1 m. diameter at the base, sometimes with buttresses 2-5 m. tall; bark grey, slightly scaly; slash yellow-brown, granular, mottled.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic to obovate- or ovate-elliptic, 3.5-16 cm. long, 1.8-7.5 cm. wide, shortly broadly acuminate at the apex, cuneate to narrowly rounded at the base, rather coriaceous, glabrous, dark and glossy above, paler beneath, the venation prominently reticulate; lateral nerves on either side±7-10; petiole 0.8-1.7 cm. long, channelled; stipules narrow, curved, 0.5-1.5 cm. long, covering the leaf-bud.
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant, small, clustered in few-several-flowered umbel-like clusters in raceme-like or paniculate axillary inflorescences up to 5 cm. long; pedicels slender, 5-10 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals rounded-ovate, 1.25 mm. long, at length reflexed.
    Corolla
    Petals greenish or greenish yellow, elliptic, 3-5 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary±1 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens equal.
    Disc
    Disk yellow.
    Fruits
    Fruits hanging, clustered, yellow, broadly oblong-ellipsoid, 5-8 cm. long, 3.5-7 cm. wide, 3-4 cm. thick, rather mango-like; skin smooth; endocarp hard, covered with dense long bristly fibres.
    Seeds
    Seed chestnut brown, glossy, woody, elliptic in outline, 3-5 cm. long, 2-3 cm. wide, 1 cm. thick, compressed.
    Figures
    Fig. 3.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest; 900-1170 m.
    Distribution
    U2 U4 Senegal to Angola, Zaire and Sudan
    [FWTA]

    Irvingiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest tree, to 120 ft. high
    Leaves
    Dark green shining foliage
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, fragrant
    Fruits
    Fruits yellow, edible
    Ecology
    Often seen in villages and towns in the forest regions.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Nigeria, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte ex O'Rorke) Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10130], Cameroon K000380137
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9720], Cameroon K000380139
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10116], Cameroon K000380140
    Dec 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4303], Cameroon K000380136
    Dec 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1772], Cameroon K000380138
    Jan 1, 1996 Ndam, N. [1149], Cameroon K000011882
    Jan 1, 1996 Ndam, N. [1325], Cameroon K000011883
    May 1, 1993 Chevalier, A. [3157], Senegal K000435078 Unknown type material
    May 1, 1993 Binuyo, A. [FHI 35566], Cameroon K000094492
    May 1, 1993 Mann, G. [1829], Cameroon K000435087 Unknown type material
    May 1, 1993 Mann, G. [2206], Cameroon K000094490
    May 1, 1993 Mann, G. [2206], Cameroon K000094489
    May 1, 1993 Barter [2012] K000435083
    May 1, 1993 Zenker, G.A. [2329], Cameroon K000435085 Unknown type material
    May 1, 1993 Zenker, G.A. [806], Cameroon K000435088
    May 1, 1993 Klaine, R.P. [2571], Gabon K000435089
    May 1, 1993 Klaine, R.P. [61], Gabon K000435091
    May 1, 1993 Irving [74], Nigeria K000435079
    May 1, 1993 Irving [75], Nigeria K000435080
    May 1, 1993 Duparquet [s.n.], Gabon K000435084
    Meikle, R.D. [1122], Nigeria 25004.000
    Small, D. [623], Sierra Leone 16458.000
    Pyne, C.T. [102], Sierra Leone 18781.000
    Gartlan, J.S. [23], Cameroon 7338.000
    Thomas, D.W. [618], Cameroon 43429.000
    Harris, D.J. [3011], Côte d'Ivoire 60003.000
    Harris, D.J. [2546], Cameroon 63024.000
    Harris, D.J. [3262], Congo 63026.000
    Harris, D.J. [2378], Cameroon 63065.000
    Harris, D.J. [2468], Cameroon 63072.000
    Harris, D.J. [2486], Cameroon 63074.000
    Harris, D.J. [2377], Cameroon 63079.000
    Harris, D.J. [2482], Cameroon 63084.000
    Harris, D.J. [2529], Cameroon 63096.000
    Harris, D.J. [2500], Cameroon 63109.000
    Harris, D.J. [3011], Côte d'Ivoire 63110.000
    Harris, D.J. [2483], Cameroon 63123.000
    Harris, D.J. [2378], Cameroon K000094495
    Harris, D.J. [2377], Cameroon K000094496
    Etuge, M. [78], Cameroon K000094488
    Harris, D,J. [2500B], Cameroon 63035.000
    Zenker, G.A. [1706], Cameroon K000435086 Unknown type material
    Klaine, R.P. [61], Gabon K000435090
    Irving [74], Nigeria K000435081
    Irving [75], Nigeria K000435082

    Bibliography

    First published in Traité Bot. Méd. Phan. 2: 841 (1884)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Harris, D.J. (1999). Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 1: 1-25. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Aubrév. Fl. For C. Iv. 2: 96, t. 165
    • E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19A: 398, fig. 187.
    • Trait. Méd. Phan. 2: 881 (1883)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Harris, D.J. (1999). Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 1: 1-25. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTOM, Bangui.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Aubrév., Fl. Gabon, 3 Irvingiacées: 22, t. 3 (1962).
    • Aubrév., Fl. For. Côte d’Ivoire, ed. 2, 2: 122, fig. 173 (1959)
    • G. Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 115 (1958).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 693 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 409, fig. 85 (1952).
    • Engl. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 19A: 398, fig. 187 (1931).
    • Heckel in Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Marseille 1, Mém. 2: 1-31, fig. (1893)
    • Heckel in Rev. Sci. Nat. Appliq.: 397-416, figs. 1-7 (1893).
    • Baill., Traité Bot. Méd. Phan. 2: 881 (1884).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0