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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Type
Type from South Africa (Northern Cape Prov.).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 3–5 mm long, pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk prominent, brownish-yellow Disk prominent, brownish-yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (1)1. 5–2 mm in diameter, globose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 10–15 mm long, exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2.5 × 2 mm, suborbicular to reniform Seeds 2.5 × 2 mm, suborbicular to reniform.
Ecology
Calcareous pan. In southern Africa recorded from scrub-savanna and karroid veld; common on sandy-calcareous soils.
Distribution
Also known from the southern parts of Namibia and South Africa (western Free State, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces). Botswana. BOT SW
Morphology General Habit
Rigid, much branched shrub usually 0.3–0.5 m high (elsewhere to 1.5 m). Rigid, much branched shrub usually 0.3–0.5 m high (elsewhere to 1. 5 m)
Morphology Stem
Young stems densely pilose with short and long glandular hairs, glabrescent; spines on young stems numerous, subulate, 10–15 mm long, divaricate, on the older ones peg-like and pungent, leafless, 10–20 mm long; bark yellowish-white on young stems, greyish-brown to purplish-brown on older ones. Young stems densely pilose with short and long glandular hairs, glabrescent; spines on young stems numerous, subulate, 10–15 mm long, divaricate, on the older ones peg-like and pungent, leafless, 10–20 mm long; bark yellowish-white on young stems, greyish-brown to purplish-brown on older ones
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fascicled in clusters of 2–8, subsessile or with a petiole up to 2 mm long; lamina semi-succulent, 3–10(18) × 1–4 mm, obovate or narrowly obovate, apex obtuse to acute, minutely hirsute with long and short glandular hairs. Leaves fascicled in clusters of 2–8, subsessile or with a petiole up to 2 mm long; lamina semi-succulent, 3–10(18) × 1–4 mm, obovate or narrowly obovate, apex obtuse to acute, minutely hirsute with long and short glandular hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous; pedicels 3–5 mm long, pilose. Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 6–7 mm long, campanulate, with vesture as on leaves outside; tube 3–3.5 mm wide; lobes equal to slightly unequal, 3–3.5 mm long, oblong-triangular, obtuse, suberect to slightly reflexed. Calyx 6–7 mm long, campanulate, with vesture as on leaves outside; tube 3–3.5 mm wide; lobes equal to slightly unequal, 3–3.5 mm long, oblong-triangular, obtuse, suberect to slightly reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla creamy-white with violet venation and violet lobes, shallowly trumpet-shaped, glabrous outside; tube 7–10 mm long, as long as or slightly longer than the calyx, sparsely pilose on the inside on the lower half; limb 6–10 mm across; lobes 3–4 mm long, semi-elliptic to semi-ovate or semi-orbicular, reflexed, ciliolate. Corolla creamy-white with violet venation and violet lobes, shallowly trumpet-shaped, glabrous outside; tube 7–10 mm long, as long as or slightly longer than the calyx, sparsely pilose on the inside on the lower half; limb 6–10 mm across; lobes 3–4 mm long, semi-elliptic to semi-ovate or semi-orbicular, reflexed, ciliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens subequal with 3 slightly longer than the other 2, attached at or just below the middle of corolla tube, exserted; filaments 8–12 mm long, densely pilose just above the base. Stamens subequal with 3 slightly longer than the other 2, attached at or just below the middle of corolla tube, exserted; filaments 8–12 mm long, densely pilose just above the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary (1)1.5–2 mm in diameter, globose; style 10–15 mm long, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 6–10 mm in diameter, globose, yellow to red. Fruit 6–10 mm in diameter, globose, yellow to red

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Namibia, Northern Provinces

Lycium pilifolium C.H.Wright appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 10, 1994 Burchell [1360], South Africa K000426068 Unknown type material

First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 4(2): 113 (1904)

Accepted by

  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Tax. Lycium: 184, fig. 8.22.35 (2000).
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 56: 176 (1987)
  • The Genus Lycium in Africa, Kew Herb. unpubl. rep.: 1, 3 (1974).
  • F.C. 4, 2: 113 (1904).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0