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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides

[FZ]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Delicate slender creeping herb, rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Stem
Stem filiform, whitish to brownish.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves on slender petioles of 3–40 mm. long, glabrous or with scattered flexuous hairs near the tip, solitary or 2–3 together.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina reniform with a narrow basal sinus, crenately divided into 5–7 lobes the margins of which have rounded triangular teeth.
Morphology General Indumentum
Superior leaf surface glabrous, the inferior usually with scattered crisped hairs particularly noticeable on young leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple subcapitate umbel, much shorter than the subtending leaf. Peduncle slender, 2–9 mm. long. Umbel 3–8(10)-flowered, involucre of inconspicuous narrow lanceolate scarious bracts; rays minute to obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1·5 × 1·0 mm., greenish to yellowish-brown, broadly ellipsoid, laterally compressed; base broadly and shallowly cordate; apex deeply emarginate; stylopodium depressed to obsolete, styles short, stiff and divergent; ribs well developed.

[FWTA]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A small creeping herb, nearly glabrous
Ecology
In moist upland grassland

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Slender creeping perennial rooting at the nodes with clusters of delicate rootlets, internodes ± 0.7–5 cm.; stem slender, terete or striate, greenish or brownish.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves not peltate, the lamina reniform or almost round, ± 4–20 mm. in diameter, (5–)7-lobed to ± halfway, glabrous on both surfaces or the lower surface ± pilose with long hairs, lobes bluntly to subacutely dentate, basal sinus narrow; petiole slender, 0.5–3 cm., glabrous or more commonly with long flexuose hairs in the upper half; stipules broadly ovate to oblong, brownish membranous and frequently with purplish streaks, ± 1–1.25 mm., often denticulate-lacerate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an umbel of 2–7(–10) flowers (rarely as many as 7 fruit) up to 3 mm. across; peduncle short, glabrous or more rarely pilose, ± 2–16 mm. in fruit but sometimes ± obsolete and the fruit in an axillary cluster on the stem; involucre of 3–5, blunt, broadly ovate or oblong, very small, brownish-membranous, frequently denticulate bracts; pedicels very short; bracteoles oblong, obovate or absent in fewer-flowered forms.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals greenish, sometimes tinged with purple, elliptic to broadly obovate, ± 0.6–0.9 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit laterally compressed, the mericarps quite plump when ripe, narrowed to the commissure, yellowish green, ± 1.1–1.8 × 0.9–1.2 mm., the ribs filiform, very narrow but clearly prominent; stylopodia very flat, ± obsolete; styles spreading, slender, ± 0.4–0.75 mm.
Figures
Fig. 1/1–3, p.11.
Habitat
Mostly in bogs and swamps, either in grassland or forests (e.g. of bamboo/Hagenia or Hypericum), also along wet paths and streamsides, gravelly lake-shores and flats; 1134–3900 m.
Distribution
widespread in the tropics of the Old World, including Africanaturalised also in N. & S. America K3 K4 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Burundi, Cameroon, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Belgium, California, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Guyana, Hawaii, Indiana, Italy, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mauritius, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Réunion, South Carolina, Trinidad-Tobago, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.

Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2013 Argent, G. [92512], Irian Jaya K000618091
Nov 1, 2009 Takeuchi, W. et al [19887], Papua New Guinea K000639106
Nov 1, 2009 Baker [1242], Papua New Guinea K000639111
Nov 1, 2009 de Kok, R. et al [1218], Papua New Guinea K000639108
Jul 4, 2007 Takeuchi [10520], Papua New Guinea K000224437
Jul 4, 2007 Sands [618], Sulawesi K000224436
Jul 4, 2007 Verheijen [3828], Lesser Sunda Is. K000224435
Jul 4, 2007 Raynal [16912], Irian Jaya K000224434
Jul 4, 2007 Sands [3572], Sabah K000224433
Jul 4, 2007 Argent, G. et al. [73], Sulawesi K000224459
May 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7280], Cameroon K000008484
Jun 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9793], Cameroon K000338796
Jan 10, 1983 Fries, R.E. [1270], Kenya K000310238
Jan 10, 1983 Fries, R.E. [753], Kenya K000310239
Jan 1, 1974 s.coll. [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K000729532
Dawkins, H. [851], Uganda 3284.000
K000310226
K000310228
K000310227
Mann [1456], Bioko K000686130
Horsfield [1109], Jawa K000686195
Wallich [s.n.], Bangladesh K000686206
Zollinger, H. [834], Jawa K000686197 Unknown type material
Elmer, A.D.E. [8895], Philippines K000686193
Coll. Nat. d'Agric. de Dschang [1785], Cameroon K000051039
Strachey, R. [3], Uttaranchal K000686207
Zollinger, H. [834], Jawa K000686196 Unknown type material

First published in Encycl. 3: 153 (1789)

Accepted by

  • (2020). http://db.plantentuinmeise.be/DUMORTIERA/DUM_117/DUM_117/Dumortiera%20117%20book.pdf epublication.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1979). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 2: 1-220. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasir, E. (1972). Flora of West Pakistan 20: 1-169.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1948-1954). Flora Malesiana 4: 1-631. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2005). Flora of China 14: 1-581. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Encycl. Méth. Bot. 3: 153(1789).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • (2020). http://db.plantentuinmeise.be/DUMORTIERA/DUM_117/DUM_117/Dumortiera%20117%20book.pdf epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasir, E. (1972). Flora of West Pakistan 20: 1-169.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1948-1954). Flora Malesiana 4: 1-631. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2005). Flora of China 14: 1-581. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cannon in Consp. Fl. Angol. 4: 338 (1970)
  • Cannon in Flora Zambesiaca 4: 559 (1978).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 298 (1895).
  • Lam., Encycl. Méth. Bot. 3: 153 (1789).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/