1. Family: Verbenaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Lippia L.
      1. Lippia praecox Mildbr. ex Moldenke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Type
    Type from Tanzania.
    Inflorescences
    Spikes 5–12 mm long and wide, hemispherical, increasing to c. 15 mm long and becoming cylindrical; peduncles ascending, paired and up to 6.5 cm long from the lower nodes, shorter when produced later in the leaf axils, indumentum densely hispid-pubescent as in the stems; bracts appressed imbricate, the lowermost not leaf-like, 5–8.5 × 1.5–4 mm, ovate acuminate or lanceolate, becoming narrower and attenuate in the upper bracts, ± equalling the flowers they subtend, the indumentum densely hispid-pubescent as in the upper stems Inflorescences produced before the leaves from nodes near ground level, later also from upper leaf axils. Spikes 5–12 mm long and wide, hemispherical, increasing to c. 15 mm long and becoming cylindrical; peduncles ascending, paired and up to 6.5 cm long from the lower nodes, shorter when produced later in the leaf axils, indumentum densely hispid-pubescent as in the stems; bracts appressed imbricate, the lowermost not leaf-like, 5–8.5 × 1.5–4 mm, ovate acuminate or lanceolate, becoming narrower and attenuate in the upper bracts, ± equalling the flowers they subtend, the indumentum densely hispid-pubescent as in the upper stems. Inflorescences produced before the leaves from nodes near ground level, later also from upper leaf axils
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 1.5–3 mm long, 2-lobed, ± densely white patent hairy outside Calyx c. 1.5–3 mm long, 2-lobed, ± densely white patent hairy outside.
    Corolla
    Corolla bright lemon-yellow or white with a yellow centre, or in var nyikensis deep magenta; tube 3–5 mm long, pubescent in upper half and with pubescent throat; limb c. 2-lipped, 3–4 mm wide, the upper lip rounded entire, the lower one 3-lobed, the largest lobe 1.5–2 mm long, entire Corolla bright lemon-yellow or white with a yellow centre, or in var. nyikensis deep magenta; tube 3–5 mm long, pubescent in upper half and with pubescent throat; limb c. 2-lipped, 3–4 mm wide, the upper lip rounded entire, the lower one 3-lobed, the largest lobe 1.5–2 mm long, entire.
    Habit
    Pyrophyte with short annual stems from a large woody rootstock. Pyrophyte with short annual stems from a large woody rootstock
    Stem
    Stems 1–numerous, 1–15 cm tall at flowering, increasing to 25 cm later in the season; indumentum densest on young growth, hispid, of unequal acicular setae. Stems 1–numerous, 1–15 cm tall at flowering, increasing to 25 cm later in the season; indumentum densest on young growth, hispid, of unequal acicular setae
    Leaves
    Leaves decussate, petiolate; lamina up to 4 × 2.5 cm, broadly elliptic to broadly obovate or rhomboid, rounded-obtuse to shortly acuminate at the apex, ± broadly cuneate at the base, crenulate to crenate-serrate in the upper half to two thirds and entire below, nervation impressed above and strongly raised beneath, ± densely strigose on upper surface, patent-hispid with hairs densest on the nerves beneath; petiole up to 7 mm long. Leaves decussate, petiolate; lamina up to 4 × 2.5 cm, broadly elliptic to broadly obovate or rhomboid, rounded-obtuse to shortly acuminate at the apex, ± broadly cuneate at the base, crenulate to crenate-serrate in the upper half to two thirds and entire below, nervation impressed above and strongly raised beneath, ± densely strigose on upper surface, patent-hispid with hairs densest on the nerves beneath; petiole up to 7 mm long
    Fruits
    Mericarps ovoid, very convex, 2–2.5(3) × 1.25–2 mm, brownish and slightly shining outside, flat and white inside. Mericarps ovoid, very convex, 2–2.5(3) × 1.25–2 mm, brownish and slightly shining outside, flat and white inside.
    [FTEA]

    Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

    Habit
    Pyrophytic herb with numerous short stems 1–8(–18) cm. long from a thick woody stock 2–4 cm. wide with numerous heads giving rise to many shoots and tough fibrous roots; stems densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblong-ovate, 0.5–1.2(–5.5) cm. long, 0.4–0.7(–3) cm. wide, obtuse to rounded at the apex, narrowed into the short petiole at the base, densely white pilose; petioles obsolete or up to 5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences from axils near ground-level and few above and not from the uppermost, hemispherical, 0.7–1.5 cm. long and wide; peduncles 1–4.5 cm. long, white pubescent; bracts ovate, 3–8 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide, acuminate, densely pubescent and ciliate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–2 mm. long, densely white pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla bright lemon yellow or yellowish green; tube 3–3.5 mm. long, pubescent at apex and with pubescent throat; limb 2.5–4 mm. wide, one lip emarginate, the other 3-lobed, the largest lobes 1.5 mm. long and wide, all lobes micropuberulent within.
    Fruits
    Fruit not seen.
    Habitat
    Fireswept grassland particularly on eroded hillsides; 1800–2250 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Lippia praecox Mildbr. ex Moldenke appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Phytologia 4: 292 (1953)

    Accepted by

    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 32 (1992).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mold. in Phytologia 4: 292 (1953).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0