1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus bathyrhakodes Werderm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Erect perennial somewhat fleshy herb 0.6–1.5 m. tall from a woody rootstock; stems glabrous but with a fine white bloom, without tendrils.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, ± round in outline, 5–25 cm. long and wide, shallowly to very deeply (3–)5(–7)-lobed, acute at apices of lobes, truncate to shallowly cordate at base, lobes ± elliptic or oblong, sinuate-crenate and with small narrow teeth, glabrous; petiole 5–13 cm. long, glabrous; stipules broadly ovate, somewhat falcate, 5–6 mm. long, cordate at base, amplexicaul.
    Flowers
    Flowers in leaf-opposed umbel-like cymes; peduncles (1–)2–3.5 cm. long; secondary axes 1–2 cm. long, all glabrous; pedicels 3–5 mm. long, lengthening to 6 mm. in fruit, sparsely pubescent or glabrous; bracts and bracteoles 1.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx crimson, 0.5 mm. long, entire or 4-lobed, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals reddish yellow or orange, becoming vinous with age, 1.5–2 mm. long, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit red, subglobose or ovoid, 0.6–1 cm. long, 6 mm. wide, 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid, 8 mm. long, 5 mm. wide, smooth.
    Habitat
    Open woodland with grass, rocky outcrops in Brachystegia woodland; 200–300 m.
    Distribution
    T8
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Erect perennial herb up to 1 m. tall; stems glabrous with a powdery white bloom; tendrils absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves shallowly to deeply (3)5(7)-lobed; petiole up to 13 cm. long, glabrous; leaf-lamina up to 16 × 16 cm., subcircular in outline, acute at apex, margin serrate, truncate to shallowly cordate at base, varying from shallowly 3-lobed to deeply 5–7-lobed to within 1 cm. of base of lamina, lobes ± elliptic, glabrous; stipules 6 mm. long, broadly ovate, somewhat falcate.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes on glabrous peduncles 2–3·5 cm. long; pedicels 3 mm. long lengthening to 6 cm. in fruit, sparsely pubescent; bracts and bracteoles up to 1·5 mm. long.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 1·5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·5 mm. long, 4-lobed, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 0·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit red when ripe, 10 × 6 mm.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, 8 × 5 mm., smooth.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Cissus bathyrhakodes Werderm. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 13: 279 (1936)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 26, fig. 111/B (1969).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 457 (1966).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 262 (1953).
    • Werderm. in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 13: 279 (1936).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0