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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Philodendron Schott
      1. Philodendron giganteum Schott

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Caribbean to Brazil (Pará).

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Stem scandent, thick, internodes short. LEAVES: Petiole robust, smooth, rather terete, or somewhat flattened above, 60-70 cm long; Blade coriaceous, broadly cordate-ovate, 50-80 cm long, 40-60 cm wide, posterior lobes broadly semi-ovate or obliquely semi-orbicular, slightly introrse, 13-18 cm long, 20-28 cm wide, separated by a deep parabolic sinus; anterior lobe ca. 4 times longer than the posterior lobe, narrowing in a slightly arcuate line towards the apex, eventually apiculate, midrib strong, flat on upper side, primary lateral veins thick, 3 basal ones joined together into a short posterior rib which is denuded for ca,. 3 cm in the sinus, 2 free basal veins, 5 costal veins distant from each other, spreading openly from the midrib, curving upwards, disappearing near the margin, secondary lateral veins more slender than the primary veins. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle 3-4 cm long, 1.5 cm thick. Spathe tube purple or ochre-yellow in fruit, oblong, internally blood-red, 6-8 cm or 1 cm longer in fruit, blade pale green, becoming ochre-yellow, sub-lanceolate, convolute, apex acuminate, 10-14 cm long, 4-5 cm wide. Spadix sessile, female zone thick, cylindric, 3-4 cm long, 2-3 cm thick when flowering, in fruit 6-7 cm long, 3.5-4 cm thick; male zone yellowish-white, elongate-conoid, sterile part 4 cm long, 2-3 cm thick, fertile part curved forward above the sterile part, 10 cm long, 1.8 cm wide. Pistil obovoid, 3 mm long, stigma discoid, orbicular, 4-6-locular, ovules biseriate, almost up to the apex. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries orange, oblong-cylindric, longitudinally sulcate, 6-7 mm long, 2 mm thick, seeds yellowish, rather thickly strophiolate [banded], barely 1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Puerto Rico to Trinidad.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Dominican Republic, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Other Data

    Philodendron giganteum Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Syn. Aroid.: 89 (1856)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0