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  1. Family: Araliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cussonia Thunb.
      1. Cussonia spicata Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Africa, Comoros.


    Araliaceae, J. R. Tennant. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    A tree up to 17 m. or more tall, unbranched or with a sparingly branched bole, bearing a crown of large digitately compound leaves.
    Petiole up to 67 cm. long and 1 cm. diameter, glabrous or minutely pubescent especially in stipular region; leaflets 6–12, sessile to petiolulate, rather coriaceous, pinnatifid to partially pinnate (fig. 2/1, 2), up to 35 cm. long by 19 cm. wide, glabrous or with a few scattered hairs; petiolules up to 8 cm. long, often narrowly winged for some distance.
    Spikes pedunculate (fig. 3/3); flowering region occupying one-quarter to six-sevenths of the rhachis; floral bracts up to 3 mm. long, ciliate, inconspicuous.
    Fruits subobconical to wedge-shaped, often constricted immediately below stylopodium, up to 12 mm. long, glabrous or minutely puberulous.
    Figs. 2/1, 2 (p. 9), 3/3 (p. 10).
    Upland rain-forest, upland dry evergreen forest, grouped-tree grassland; 1450–2550 m.
    K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3

    Araliaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Tree up to 17 m. high, but commonly 5–10 m., often with an unbranched trunk, but sometimes with sparse branches.
    Leaflets 6–9(12), up to 30(35) × 15(19) cm., sessile or with distinct petiolules, coriaceous, glabrous to subglabrous; lobes very variable in outline.
    Leaves of mature trees characterized by the presence of prominent wedge-shaped decurrent wings on the petiolules (connate stipules). Leaves digitately compound (but palmate or even simple and ± entire in juvenile forms); petiole up to 50(67) cm. long, usually glabrous but sometimes slightly pubescent.
    Spikes very dense, with obvious distinct peduncles and basal bracts.
    Flowers sessile, with small narrowly lanceolate floral bracts; stylopodium short.
    Fruit obconical-ellipsoid, very densely packed together and consequently faceted, up to 12 mm. long, glabrous or very slightly puberulous.



    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe


    Other Data

    Cussonia spicata Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gomes e Sousa, A., Mozambique 25697.000
    Timberlake, J. [5456], Mozambique K000614437
    Mphamba [104], Mozambique K000614312


    First published in Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 2, 3: 212 (1780)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Frodin, D.G. & Govaerts, R. (2003 publ. 2004). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae: 1-444. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 312 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 54, fig. 10/A (1961).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 34 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 59 (1949).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 115 (1936).
    • Bews & Aitken in Bot. Survey S. Africa, Mem. 5: 56 (1923).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (2): 782–783, fig. 326/F, G (1921).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile B: 342 (1895).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 32 (1877).
    • Sond. in Fl. Cap. 2: 568 (1861–62).
    • Thunb. in Nov. Act. Soc. Sc. Ups. 3: 212, t. 13 (1780).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

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