1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Bambusa Schreb.
      1. Bambusa nepalensis Stapleton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nepal.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect at the tip, or drooping at the tip; 1000-2000 cm long; 50-100 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 20-40 cm long; distally pruinose. Lateral branches dendroid. Buds or branches absent from lower quarter of culm. Bud complement 1. Branch complement three, or several; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 25 cm long; 0.5 times as long as wide; pubescent; with appressed hairs; with tawny hairs; auriculate; with obtuse auricles; with 2-7 mm high auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs; shoulders with 3-5 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 3-5 mm high; dentate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; demarcated but persistent; 5-9 cm long; 60-120 mm wide; pubescent. Leaf-sheaths pubescent; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty, or lacking; deciduous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long; erose; truncate. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 6 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; with 1-keeled prophylls; leafless between clusters.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 0.5-1 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 0.5-1 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes several; comprising 1-3 gemmiferous bracts; 1 empty glumes.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 6-7 mm long; mid-green and purple; tipped with last colour; without keel; 13-15 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex acute; pubescent. Palea 5-7 mm long. Palea keels wingless; ciliate; adorned above; with hairs 0.5 mm long. Palea surface pilose; hairy on margins; hairy above. Palea apex obtuse. Apical sterile florets distinct from fertile; rudimentary.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; ovate; 0.7-3 mm long; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 6; 5-6 mm long; yellow; anther tip apiculate, or penicillate. Filaments free. Stigmas 3; plumose, or pubescent. Styles 5 mm long. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Stapleton 1995.

    Distribution

    Bambusa nepalensis Stapleton appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Edinburgh J. Bot. 51: 15 (1994)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0