1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Mondia Skeels
      1. Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

    Habit
    Large liana.
    Roots
    Roots aromatic.
    Stem
    Stems up to 20 m long
    Leaves
    Leaves herbaceous; petiole 2–7 cm long, glabrous to puberulent; lamina ovate, broadly ovate, elliptic, broadly elliptic or sub-orbicular, (6–)12–20(–28) × (3–)6–14(–20) cm, acuminate to cuspidate, sometimes recurved, base obtuse to cordate, glabrous to sparsely puberulent or sparsely puberulent on veins only, bright green above, paler green beneath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 10–20-flowered, glabrous to puberulent; flower odour most unpleasant.
    Peduncles
    Peduncles 2–4 cm long.
    Bracts
    Bracts ± 2 mm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels ± 1 cm long
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate to elliptic, 2–3 × 1–2 mm, acute to acuminate, outside glabrous to puberulent, margin fimbriate
    Corolla
    Corolla glabrous; tube 2–3 mm long; lobes 9–11 × 4–6 mm, inside violet, maroon, wine red, mauve red, glabrous, outside pale green, glabrous
    Corona
    Corona lobes tri-segmented; lateral flaplike lobules green-yellow or creamy yellow, 1–2 × 1–2 mm; central corniculate or ligulate lobule darker coloured, 5–8 mm long
    Anthers
    Anthers 4–5 × 3–4 mm
    Nectaries
    Interstaminal nectary lobes with margins dentate, not agglutinated
    Style
    Styles 0.5–1 mm long; style-head ± 3 × 3 mm, acute
    Fruits
    Follicles 8–12 cm long, 2–4 cm diameter
    Seeds
    Seeds obliquely ovate, 8–10 mm long; coma 2–2.5 cm long
    Figures
    Fig 46/1–6, p 144
    Ecology
    Moist habitats ranging from swamp forest, swampy shrubby grassland and riverine forest to disturbed forest; 0–1800 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 Range: Widely distributed across tropical and southern Africa
    [FWTA]

    Periplocaceae, A. A. Bullock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A woody climber
    Ecology
    Of drier forest country
    Flowers
    Pale greenish-white or cream flowers.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    The ginger-scented roots of Mondia whitei are used to alleviate flatulence, to settle the stomach, and as a tonic and an aphrodisiac.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13429], Cameroon K000541187
    Dec 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [11024], Cameroon K000199920
    Sep 26, 2001 South Africa K000234128 holotype
    Sep 26, 2001 South Africa K000234129 isotype
    Sep 26, 2001 Zenker [589], Cameroon K000234131 isoneotype
    Sep 26, 2001 Zenker [589], Cameroon K000234132 Unknown type material
    Dawkins, H.C. [406], Uganda 1063.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1432], Tanzania 3427.000
    Robson, N.K. [868], Zambia 3425.000
    Onochie, C.F. [34943], Nigeria 6387.000
    Jones, A.P.D. [FHI 16223], Nigeria 3426.000
    Chevalier, A. [21975], Ivory Coast K000234133 Unknown type material
    Wood, G.H.S. [794], Uganda 45969.000
    Lewalle, J. [921], Burundi 41804.000
    Vickerman, K. [H. 3991-1960], Kenya 5119.000
    Goyder, D.J. [3665], Malawi 58369.000
    Sutton, H.J., Nigeria 6579.000
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [21975], Côte d'Ivoire Tacazzea viridis K000898017 lectotype

    First published in Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 223: 45 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bullock in Kew Bull. 15: 203 (1961).
    • in Bull. U.S. Dep.Agric. Bur. Pl. Ind. No. 223: 45 (1911)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.T.S.L.: 495 (1994), as whytei.
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 175 (1994)
    • U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. 223: 45 (1911)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0