1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Raphionacme Harv.
      1. Raphionacme flanaganii Schltr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Kenya, S. Mozambique to SE. Cape Prov.

    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

    Habit
    Perennial climber with one to few main stems.
    Tubers
    Tuber spindle-shaped, up to 30 cm diameter.
    Stem
    Aerial stems up to at least 2 m long, branching lateral, velutinous
    Leaves
    Leaf petiole 1–15 mm long; blade obovate, narrowly obovate or ovate, 3–11 × 0.5–5 cm, acute, obtuse or truncate-mucronate, above velutinous to glabrous, beneath velutinous, primary vein prominent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences subterminal, 7–30-flowered, velutinous.
    Peduncles
    Peduncles 5–25 mm long.
    Bracts
    Bracts narrowly ovate, 2–3 mm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 2–6 mm long
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, 2–4 × 1–2 mm, acute to obtuse, outside velutinous
    Corolla
    Corolla green, outside velutinous; tube campanulate, 2–3 mm long; lobes reflexed, yellow-green with reddish to purple triangular spot at base, oblong-ovate to ovate, 5–7 × 2–3 mm, obtuse to acute
    Corona
    Corona lobes tripartite, white; central segment filiform with dilated base, apex tortuose, 4–10 mm long, papillose; lateral segments corniculate, 2–3 mm long
    Stamens
    Staminal filaments filiform, ± 2 mm long.
    Anthers
    Anthers ovate, ± 2 mm long, white
    Style
    Style terete, ± 1.5 mm long; style-head ovoid, ± 1.5 mm long, obtuse
    Gynostegium
    Gynostegium base in corolla mouth.
    Fruits
    Follicles paired, seldom solitary, pendulous, cylindrical-ovoid, 5–10 cm long, ± 1 cm diameter, puberulous
    Seeds
    Seeds 6–7 mm long; coma 1–2 cm long.
    Ecology
    Dry bushland, dry forest or streambank forest; 1000–1800 m
    Note
    It is surprising to find R. flanaganii in Kenya while it is absent from Tanzania and just about so from Mozambique, but the absence is probably due to poor collecting. The plants found in Kenya have smaller flowers than those in South Africa.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: K4 K6 Range: Mozambique and South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Swaziland

    Raphionacme flanaganii Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Downs, P. [11269], South Africa 33078.000
    Gerrard [1312], South Africa K000234160 Unknown type material
    Flanagan, H.G. [118], South Africa K000234161 Unknown type material

    First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 2 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
    • Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A taxonomic revision of Raphianacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75: 292-350.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Illustrated handbook of succulent plants Asclepiadaceae, corr. 2nd printing: 1-318. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg,New York.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A taxonomic revision of Raphianacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75: 292-350.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Pl. Afr. 40: t. 1599 (1970).
    • E.J. 18, Beibl. 45: 2 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0