1. Family: Myrtaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Eugenia P.Micheli ex L.
      1. Eugenia toxanatolica Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Small dioecious or ?monoecious tree 1.5–7.5 m tall or shrub to 3 m, with reddish or purplish brown stems; young shoots glabrous, with fissured epidermis red-brown beneath (or in one specimen from Kwiro minutely puberulous); slash brown, paler towards wood.
    Leaves
    Leaves only slightly discolorous, not or slightly coriaceous, elliptic, 2.5–11.5(–13) cm long, 1.5–5.5 cm wide, acute, ± obtuse, rounded or ± acuminate to sharply acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous, densely black gland-dotted beneath; petiole distinct, 5–8 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweetly scented, in 2–26-flowered fascicles; pedicels 0.5–1.8 cm long, gland-dotted, glabrous; bracteoles usually linear-lanceolate, 1.5 mm long, slightly pubescent or (in W Usambaras) minute or ± obsolete in some specimens. Female flowers with fewer shorter stamens. Style 4–5 mm long, much exceeding the filaments; stigma punctate or ± bifid-peltate. Male flowers with ± 25–50 stamens with filaments 3–5 mm long; anthers 0.8 mm long. Style rudimentary, 0.5–2 mm long (or ± absent), pilose at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube narrow, 1.5–3 mm long; larger lobes elliptic, 2.2–6 mm long, 2.2–4 mm wide; smaller ± ovate, 1.5–3 mm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, all gland-dotted and not or scarcely ciliate.
    Corolla
    Petals white, elliptic, oblate or oblong, 3.5–6.5 mm long, 2.5–6 mm wide, reflexed.
    Disc
    Disc densely shortly pubescent.
    Male
    Male flowers with ± 25–50 stamens with filaments 3–5 mm long; anthers 0.8 mm long. Style rudimentary, 0.5–2 mm long (or ± absent), pilose at the base.
    Female
    Female flowers with fewer shorter stamens. Style 4–5 mm long, much exceeding the filaments; stigma punctate or ± bifid-peltate.
    Fruits
    Fruit reddish, eventually almost black, ellipsoid or obpyriform, (0.6–)1.8 cm long, 7–13 mm wide, densely pustulate, crowned by persistent sepals; fruiting pedicels 0.8–1.6 cm long.
    Habitat
    Podocarpus, Albizia rain-forest and Lasianthus, Polyscias, Craibia, Strombosia forest inT3; ridge-top moist montane forest in T 6 and T 7; 1250–2200 m
    Distribution
    T3 T6 T7 probably also in Malawi

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Eugenia toxanatolica Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Greenway, P.J. [8794], Tanzania K001001051
    Cribb, P. [11013], Tanzania K001001056
    Cribb, P. [11012], Tanzania K001001057
    Lovett, J. [241], Tanzania K001001050
    Luke, Q. [6995], Tanzania K001001073
    Luke, W.R.Q. [10469], Tanzania K001001074
    Perdue, R.E. [13339], Tanzania K001001047
    Mgaza, C.D. [194], Tanzania K001001049
    Mgaza, C.D. [239], Tanzania K001001055
    Frimodt-Moller, C. [NG075], Tanzania K001001046 holotype
    Willan, R.L. [548], Tanzania K001001053
    Kisena [1802], Tanzania K001001071
    Kisena [1802], Tanzania K001001072
    Rodgers-Hall [1460], Tanzania K001001048
    Mziray, W.R. [85723], Tanzania K001001052
    Benedicto, J. [94], Tanzania K001001054

    First published in Kew Bull. 54: 49 (1999)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 54: 49, fig. 2 (1999).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0