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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium pallidum (Epling) Govaerts

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia.


    Wood, J.R.I. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 199.

    Much-branched aromatic undershrub forming a rounded but somewhat untidy bush up to 1 m high; young stems somewhat sulcate, purplish, glabrous
    Leaves shortly petiolate; petioles 1 – 2 mm long, articulated above a persistent basal stub, glabrous; lamina 7 – 17 × 3 – 7 mm, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, obtuse at the apex, narrowly cuneate at the base, entire, glabrous, gland-dotted on both surfaces, paler beneath
    Inflorescence of solitary, pedicellate, axillary flowers; pedicels 2 – 2.5 mm long, puberulent, bearing small caducous bracteoles; calyx 8 – 12 mm long, cylindrical, weakly 2-lipped, the teeth acuminate, glabrous both on the exterior and on the interior, prominently ribbed; corolla 15 – 32 mm long, reddish or reddish-orange with yellow throat and strong red blotches in the mouth, shortly puberulent, narrowly funnel-shaped, weakly but distinctly 2-lipped, tube 13 – 27 mm long, lobes 3 – 4 × 4 mm, obtuse; stamens didynamous, filaments glabrous, the shorter pair c. 6 mm long, the longer pair c. 12 mm long, anthers weakly exserted
    Nutlets trigonous, glabrous to minutely scurfy, obtuse.
    A plant of bushy, sometimes disturbed places in the Inter-Andean dry valleys between about 2200 and 3100 m growing in four places in Bolivia, to which it is apparently endemic: Torotoro (Potosi), Arque (Cochabamba), Inquisivi-Circuata and near Huajchilla, Rio Abajo, La Paz. Populations are small in all localities but the plant is easy to find, perhaps because of its conspicuous corolla. For comments on the type locality see under Clinopodium axillare above. Map 2.
    The four populations of this species are quite small but, while it would be useful to monitor these and evaluate the exact size of each population, there does not seem to be any obvious threat either to the populations themselves or their habitat. For the moment this species should be treated as Data Deficient (DD).
    Appears to flower in most seasons of the year, perhaps after any significant rainfall.
    Clinopodium pallidum is extremely variable in the length of its corolla, which varies from around 15 mm to about 30 mm but is usually around 20 mm. Two specimens cited above (Beck et al. 12484, Wood et al. 23231) have corollas reaching 32 mm. There is also some variation in leaf shape and calyx indumentum. The specimens from Torotoro (Wood et al. 21983, 23231) have elliptic to ovate leaves almost as broad as long, whereas in other specimens the leaves are narrowly oblong-elliptic, clearly longer than broad. In most specimens the calyx is completely glabrous but in some specimens (Lewis 35106, Wood et al. 23231) the gaps between the longitudinal ribs are minutely puberulent. None of this variation, apart from the leaf shape, shows any obvious geographical patterning and has not been recognised here. Clinopodium pallidum appears to be closest to an undescribed species from Ancash in Peru (Beck 7911) which differs mainly in its shorter calyx (c. 5 mm long) and much shorter ± infundibuliform corolla (9 – 12 mm long), the lips relatively prominent (c. 4 mm long). More material is needed of this species.



    Native to:



    Other Data

    Clinopodium pallidum (Epling) Govaerts appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 14, 2009 Miguel, A [1127], Bolivia K000193642


    First published in World Checkl. Seed Pl. 3(1): 18 (1999)

    Accepted by

    • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


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