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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous shrub 1-2 m tall, leafless or with young leaves at time of flowering; rootstock woody; stems purplish, when young pubescent with asymmetrically T-shaped hairs and glandular.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile, obovate or elliptic, 3.7-9 cm long, 1.5-4.5 cm wide, base cuneate with a short petioloid base, margins subentire to coarsely serrate (in mature leaves), apex acute or obtuse, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with T-shaped crisped hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula in corymbiform cymes on numerous abbreviated shoots axillary to previous year’s leaves, or to current young leaves; involucre ovoid-cylindrical, 4-5 mm long; phyllaries 3-4-seriate, pale green with raised purple midrib, erect, appressed, later spreading and becoming caducous, elliptic, obovate or ovate, acute, the inner obtuse to rounded, shortly acuminate-apiculate, 3.5-5.2 mm long, thinly puberulous where exposed, distally glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Corolla white or white tinged mauve, 6-7.3 mm long, lobes 1.2-1.8 mm long, glabrous or with short marginal hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 3.4 mm long, 5-ribbed, glabrous, glandular; carpopodium large; outer pappus 1-1.3 mm long, inner pappus white, 5.5-8 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 41/4-5, p. 197.
Habitat
Brachystegia woodland; 600-1600 m
Distribution
T4 T8 W Africa from Guinea to Cameroon,

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect slender-branched undershrub 1-6 ft. high, scabrid-pubescent only on the younger parts, soon glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves finely reticulate-veined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets white or pale pink in numerous heads 1/4 in. long
Ecology
In open hillside grass-land.

[FZ]

Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
A much-branched subshrub to c. 1 m. tall, occasionally up to c. 2 m. tall, from a woody rootstock, usually with young leaves or sometimes leafless at flowering.
Morphology Stem
Stems and branches purplish, at first strongly angular, later ± ribbed or subterete with pale prominent lenticels, glabrous, or ± densely granulose-glandular particularly on young growth, sometimes also sparsely appressed puberulous; hairs T-shaped.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually appearing at the time of flowering or occasionally later, shortly petiolate; petiole up to c. 3 mm. long; lamina eventually up to ?c. 9 x 4.5 cm., elliptic to oblanceolate or obovate, apex acute to obtuse-rounded, base cuneate, margins subentire to coarsely dentate-serrate in mature leaves, coriaceous, glabrous or sometimes sparsely crisped-pubescent, hairs T-shaped with short crispate arms, nervation finely reticulate and somewhat raised on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula very numerous, paniculate, or sometimes subumbellate on numerous short lateral branches; lateral branches 3–11 cm. long, green, appressed-pubescent; capitula stalks 2–30 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucres 4–5 mm. long, obconic, spreading later.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Phyllaries
Phyllaries few-seriate, becoming caducous with the inner ones being shed first, strap-shaped, ± abruptly narrowed to an obtuse-acuminate often recurved apex, scarious, thinly puberulous where exposed, finely ciliate and upper surface densely glandular apically, the midrib becoming somewhat fleshy ± raised and purple towards the apex, the margins narrowly hyaline; the outer phyllaries from c. 1 mm. long, ovate-lanceolate; the inner phyllaries up to c. 5 mm. long, oblong elliptic to oblanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets 5–6 per capitulum, sweetly scented; corollas white, 6–9 mm. long, widening towards the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 3–4 mm. long, narrowly turbinate, tapering to the base, 6–8-ribbed, sparsely to very densely glandular otherwise glabrous, rarely with a few hairs; outer pappus of short barbellate setae, inner pappus of long-exserted whitish barbellate setae 6–7 mm. long.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Gymnanthemum glaberrimum (Welw. ex O.Hoffm.) H.Rob. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 1987 Cecil, E. [70] Vernonia glaberrima K000273064 Unknown type material
Meikle, R.D. [1341], Nigeria Vernonia glaberrima 12316.000
Cecil, E. [229], Zimbabwe Vernonia glaberrima K000273065 Unknown type material
Welwitsch [3327], Angola Vernonia glaberrima K000273142 Unknown type material
Welwitsch [3329], Angola Vernonia glaberrima K000273143 Unknown type material
Maitland, T.D. [1402], Cameroon Vernonia glaberrima K000051775
Gossweiler, J. [2228], Angola Vernonia glaberrima K001307315
Maitland, T.D. [1696], Cameroon Vernonia glaberrima K000051774
Gossweiler, J. [4088], Angola Vernonia glaberrima K001307316
Gossweiler, J. [648], Angola Vernonia glaberrima K001307314
Maitland, T.D. [1540], Cameroon Vernonia glaberrima K000051773
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola Vernonia glaberrima K001307313

First published in Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 112: 241 (1999)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0