1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Tulbaghia L.
      1. Tulbaghia cameronii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, W. Tanzania to Namibia.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Alliaceae by S. Kativu

    Habit
    Plant cormaceous with a rhizomatous base.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear, 10–15(20) cm long, up to 1 cm wide.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 15–20 cm long; involucral bracts 2.5–3 cm long, up to 1 cm wide, white, tinged with purple.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 7–12-flowered.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels spreading, 18–44 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube greenish-white to purplish, 6–8 × 2.5–3.5 mm, cylindrical but becoming urn-shaped with age; segments urn-shaped in full flower, acute, in 2 whorls set 2–3 mm apart, pinkish-white to purplish or greenish, 6–10 × 2 mm, acute; corona fleshy, cylindrical-campanulate, 3-lobed (often deeply so), bright yellow, 2.5–3.5 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens yellow; anthers 1–1.2 mm long, upper whorl near mouth of corona.
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid, 2–3 mm long.
    Style
    Style 1.5–2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, 15 mm long; seeds sharply trigonal, c. 4 mm long.
    Distribution
    A highly variable species. Also in W Tanzania, ?Angola, Congo (Katanga) and Cameroon.
    Ecology
    In woodland and wooded grassland, on sandy soils; 1000–1500 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: A widespread species, not threatened.
    [FTEA]

    Alliaceae, Sarah Smith & Jonathan Stansbie. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2003

    Habit
    Plant to 45 cm high.
    Roots
    Rootstock a small corm 1.5–2.5 cm in diameter, with rhizomatous base, covered by membranous, reddish brown leaf-bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, 12.5–37 cm long, 0.18–0.8(–1) cm wide, apex rounded, margin entire, base sheathing and persistent, glabrous.
    Scape
    Scape 1–2 per plant, 8–32 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an umbel with 6–9(–12) scented flowers and a pair of involucral bracts; bracts pinkish, membranous, unequal, larger bract 2.7–3.3 cm long, 0.3–0.5 cm wide, smaller bract 2–2.1 cm long, 0.15–0.2 cm wide, lanceolate with long-attenuate apex, margin entire, base amplexicaul, larger bract partially enclosing the smaller; pedicels 0.6–2.7 cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth greenish white to pale purplish; tube 5–8 mm long, cylindrical in young flowers, becoming urceolate, lobes 6, in 2 whorls set 2–3 mm apart, lanceolate to lanceolate-elliptic, 5–10 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, apex acute, with 1 main median nerve, white tinged with purple or green.
    Corona
    Corona cylindrical to campanulate, 3-lobed, somewhat fleshy, bright yellow to orange, 3.5–5 mm long, margin irregularly and shallowly lobed, lobes to 1 mm.
    Stamens
    Anthers 6, sessile, 1–2 mm long, one series of 3 inserted at mouth of corona, sometimes slightly exserted, one series inserted below at base of corona or where corona is fused to perianth tube, ± 5.5 mm above base of perianth tube.
    Ovary
    Ovary subglobose, 2.5–3.5 mm long, 2.5–3 mm diameter.
    Style
    Style 0.8–1 mm long, 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter, not exserted; stigma capitate, papillate.
    Fruits
    Capsule sub-globose, 3-lobed, 4–4.5 mm long, 3–5 mm in diameter, each locule 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–3.5 mm long, sub-crescent shaped with 2 angles on inner face, surface rough.
    Figures
    Fig. 1 (page 3).
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland, Combretum thicket, burnt grassland; 1050–1550(–2400) m
    Distribution
    T5 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Tulbaghia cameronii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2922], Zambia 38408.000
    Cameron [s.n.], Mozambique K000365531 Unknown type material
    illegible [s.n.], Malawi K000365532

    First published in J. Bot. 16: 321 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Smith, S. & Stansbie, J. (2003). Alliaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-8.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Smith & Stansbie in F.T.E.A., Alliaceae: 2, fig.1 (2003).
    • ―Burbidge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 36: 94 (1978).
    • ―Vosa in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 34: 110 (1975).
    • in J. Bot. 16: 321 (1878).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Smith, S. & Stansbie, J. (2003). Alliaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-8.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R.B. Burb. in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. 36: 94, fig. 2, pro parte (1978).
    • Vosa in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 34: 110, fig. 20, t. 18 (1975).
    • Baker in Journal of Botany 16: 321 (1878).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0