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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium odorum (Griseb.) Harley

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Argentina.

    [KBu]

    Wood, J.R.I. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9282-z

    Habit
    Much-branched aromatic undershrub 0.3 – 0.5 m high; stems weakly quadrangular, reddish-brown, glabrous apart from the scurfy nodes Leaves petiolate; petioles 1 – 3 mm long, thinly pubescent; lamina 7 – 27 × 3 – 12 mm, ovate, obtuse, cuneate at the base, subglabrous to thinly puberulent, margin minutely ciliolate, prominently 4 – 7-toothed on each side in the upper half, the lower surface paler and thinly dotted with yellowish glands, glabrous apart from a few short hairs on the midrib
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1 – 5-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle 0.5 – 0.75 mm long, glabrous; bracts at branching point 0.5 × 0.2 mm, linear, shorter than the pedicels, glabrous apart from the minutely scurfy margins; pedicels 2 – 2.5 mm long, glabrous; calyx 2 – 3 mm long, narrowly campanulate, ribbed, the exterior gland-dotted with yellowish glands, ciliolate, the interior sparsely pilose, teeth c. 1.5 mm long, longer than the tube, narrowly triangular to strap-shaped, acute, spreading to recurved, ciliolate on the margins and midrib; corolla white, subequally 5-lobed, the tube c. 1 mm long, ± equalling the calyx tube; filaments very short, subequal, anthers included; style c. 1 mm long, glabrous, included
    Fruits
    Nutlets 1 – 1.5 × 0.6 mm, trigonous, terminating in a long, fine point, shortly pubescent.
    Distribution
    An Argentinian endemic apparently most common in the Cordoba-Catamarca area, some considerable distance from the Bolivian border, being rare in the Jujuy-Salta regions (Pontiroli 1993: 148), from where only three collections are cited.
    Ecology
    It grows at much lower altitudes than Clinopodium cochabambense at around 1500 – 3000 m.
    Note
    Close to Clinopodium cochabambense but differing in the more prominently toothed leaves, the calyx with lanceolate to strap-shaped, spreading to recurved lobes, which are somewhat longer than the tube, and the finely pointed pubescent nutlets.
    [KBu]

    Wood, J.R.I. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9282-z

    Habit
    Much-branched aromatic undershrub of untidy bushy appearance 0.4 – 0.8 m high; stems weakly quadrangular, brownish, obscurely bifariously pubescent and scurfy-pubescent on the leaf nodes; otherwise glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; petioles 1 – 4 mm long, pubescent; lamina 6 – 13 × 3 – 9 mm, ovate, obtuse, rounded to broadly cuneate at the base, margin obscurely 1 – 3-toothed on each side, ciliate with large-celled hairs, the upper surface glabrous, the lower surface paler and thinly dotted with yellowish glands, glabrous apart from a few hairs on the midrib
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1 – 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle c. 1 mm long, glabrous; bracts at branching point, c. 0.5 mm long, linear to subulate, shorter than the pedicels, glabrous; pedicels c. 2 mm long, glabrous, often flexuose; calyx c. 2 mm long, campanulate, ribbed, gland-dotted on the exterior, glabrous on the exterior, sparsely pilose in the interior at the mouth, teeth c. 1 mm long and wide, ± equalling tube, triangular, acute, ciliolate, erect; corolla white, subequally 5-lobed, the tube c. 1 mm long, ± equalling the calyx tube; anthers subsessile, included; style c. 1 mm long, glabrous, included
    Fruits
    Nutlets c. 1.25 × 0.75 mm, trigonous, pointed, covered in short, stiff hairs.
    Ecology
    A Bolivian endemic found between 3250 and 3700 m in bushy places around rocks in areas of former Polylepis woodland on Cerro Tunari, in Arque and on Sacha Loma between Mizque and Arani in Cochabamba Department.
    Conservation
    This species only grows in three areas and appears to be common only on the southern slopes of Cerro Tunari. Populations need to be assessed accurately before it can be classified other than Data Deficient (DD).
    Phenology
    Flowers during the summer rainy season from late November to April.
    Note
    I have cited Ibisch 710 under this species as I believe it belongs here because of its leaf shape and hairy nutlets. However its pilose indumentum is abnormal and suggestive of hybrid origin through crossing with Clinopodium gilliesii which was collected in the immediate vicinity (Ibisch 704). One of the three species with small corollas, ovate leaves and hairy nutlets, this species is close to Clinopodium odorum, within which it was included by Epling. Apart from being geographically separated, it differs in its erect, triangular calyx lobes, which are about the same length as the calyx tube, and its acute rather than long-pointed nutlets.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Clinopodium odorum (Griseb.) Harley appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 14, 2009 Argentina K000193615
    [Lorenty], P.G. [721], Argentina K000193616

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 55: 923 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

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    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0