Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Easter Island, SE. Canada to Tropical & Subtropical America.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Annual much-branched herb, prostrate, with branches to 10(–20) cm. long, the whole plant completely glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subcircular, 1–3 mm. in diameter, base obliquely cordate, margin entire; petiole 0.2–0.5 mm. long; stipules united at the swollen nodes, triangular, ± 0.5 × 1 mm., with toothed margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia solitary on peduncles to 2 mm. long, terminal and pseudoaxillary on short leafy shoots, ± 0.7 × 0.7 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, minute, transversely elliptic, with small white shallowly lobed petaloid appendages; involucral lobes minute, margin fringed.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 0.7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:perianth evident as a 3-lobed rim below the shortly pedicellate ovary; styles 0.2 mm. long, spreading, bifid almost to the base. Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 0.7 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:perianth evident as a 3-lobed rim below the shortly pedicellate ovary; styles 0.2 mm. long, spreading, bifid almost to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel to 1.8 mm. long, obtusely 3-lobed, with truncate base, ± 1.5 × 1.8 mm., yellowish green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-conical, 1 × 0.6 mm., greyish pink, smooth.
Habitat
Not known, probably by the roadside; 560 m.
Distribution
K7 a pantropical weed but in E. Africa known only from this collection

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched prostrate annual herb, with branches to 10(20) cm long, completely glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a petiole 0.2–0.5 mm long; stipules united at the swollen nodes, 0.5 × 1 mm, triangular with toothed margins; lamina 1–3 mm long, subcircular, obliquely cordate at the base, margins entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia terminal and pseudoaxillary on short leafy shoots, solitary on peduncles to 2 mm long, 0.7 × 0.7 mm with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, minute, transversely elliptic, with small white shallowly lobed appendages; involucral lobes minute, fringed.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 0.7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: perianth evident as a 3-lobed rim below the shortly pedicellate ovary; styles 0.2 mm long, spreading, bifid almost to the base. Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 0.7 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: perianth evident as a 3-lobed rim below the shortly pedicellate ovary; styles 0.2 mm long, spreading, bifid almost to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel to 1.8 mm long, 1.5 × 1.8 mm, obtusely 3-lobed with truncate base, yellowish-green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1 × 0.6 mm, oblong-conical, smooth, greyish-pink.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 75 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile North, Colombia, Colorado, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Dakota, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Wyoming

Introduced into:

Algeria, Andaman Is., Arizona, Austria, Azores, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Burkina, California, Canary Is., Cape Verde, China Southeast, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Free State, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hungary, India, Indiana, Iran, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, Michigan, Morocco, Mozambique, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Ohio, Oman, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Queensland, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South Australia, Spain, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Utah, Vermont, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Euphorbia serpens Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Hinton, G.B. [5449], Guerrero K000476499
Jan 1, 2008 Pringle, C.G. [1360], Chihuahua K000476500
Feb 25, 1982 Lobin, W. [1115], Cape Verde K001105492
Jan 1, 1966 Pringle, C.G. [3778], San Luis Potosí K000476498
Jan 1, 1932 Drummer, N.A. [s.n.], Mozambique K000253049
Jan 1, 1932 Schwarz, F. in Herb Bolus [13027], Zimbabwe K000253048 holotype
Gattinger, A. [2500], Tennessee K001080288
Nuttall, T. [s.n.], Arkansas K001080290
Lindheimer, F.J. [300], Texas K001080289
Blanchet [3501], Brazil K001210646
Lobin, W. [2526], Cape Verde K001105489
Lindheimer, F.J. [532], Texas K001080287
Cuezzo, P. [1024], Brazil K001210644
Lobin, W. [2970], Cape Verde K001105491
Burchell, W.J. [9108], Brazil K001210647
Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001210645
Schomburgk, R. [s.n.], Guyana K001210648
Lobin, W. [2447a], Cape Verde K001105490
s.coll. [1078], Suriname K001210650
Smith, L.B. [9755], Brazil K001211233
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000253851
Sinclair [s.n.], Mexico K001210651
Nuttall, T. [s.n.], Arkansas K001080286
Poeppig [3099], Brazil K001210649
Wild, H. [44486], Zimbabwe Euphorbia minutiflora 4103.000
Ekman, E. [16137], Cuba Euphorbia biramensis K000253830 isotype
Ekman, E. [7764], Dominican Republic Euphorbia inflexa K000253836 Unknown type material
Thellung, A. [s.n.], France Euphorbia serpens var. fissistipula K000911897
Touchy, A. [s.n.], France Euphorbia serpens var. fissistipula K000911898

First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 52 (1817)

Accepted by

  • (2021). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.485.1.1/42845 epublication.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Binojkumar, M.S. & Balakrishnan, N.P. (2010). The genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) in India. A taxonomic revision: 1-430. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Halford, D.A. & Harris, W.K. (2012). A taxonomic revision of Euphorbia section Anisophyllum Roeper (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia Austrobaileya 8: 441-600.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lamont, E.E., Werier, D. & Glenn, S.D. (2014). Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey range - 2011 and 2012 Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 141: 95-108.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lustyk, P. & Doležal, J. (eds.) (2018). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae - XVI Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 53: 31-112.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37 Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F. & Kit Tan (2015). New floristic records in the Balkans: 26 Phytologia Balcanica 21: 53-91.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.
  • da Silva, O.L.M., Cordeiro, I. & Caruzo, M.B.R. (2014). Synopsis of Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil Phytotaxa 181: 193-215.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2015). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 5 Willdenowia 45: 449-464.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Bergmeier, E. (2011). New floristic records, confirmations and other phytogeographical notes from Crete (Greece) Willdenowia 41: 167-177.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Binojkumar, M.S. & Balakrishnan, N.P. (2010). The genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) in India. A taxonomic revision: 1-430. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Van Welzen, P.C. (2005). Euphorbiaceae (Genera A-F) Flora of Thailand 8(1): 1-303. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2008). Med-Checklist Notulae, 27 Willdenowia 38: 465-474.
  • Halford, D.A. & Harris, W.K. (2012). A taxonomic revision of Euphorbia section Anisophyllum Roeper (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia Austrobaileya 8: 441-600.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lamont, E.E., Werier, D. & Glenn, S.D. (2014). Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey range - 2011 and 2012 Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 141: 95-108.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lustyk, P. & Doležal, J. (eds.) (2018). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae - XVI Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 53: 31-112.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pahlevani, A.H. & Riina, R. (2011). A synopsis of Euphorbia subgen. Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) in Iran Annales Botanici Fennici 48: 304-316.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37 Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.
  • Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2015). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 5 Willdenowia 45: 449-464.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kunth, Nov. Gen. & Sp. 2: 52 (1817).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 511 (1911).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/