1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Aganope Miq.
      1. Aganope stuhlmannii (Taub.) Adema

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by J.M. Lock*

    Habit
    Tree up to 20 m tall; crown rounded or spreading; bark grey-brown, flaking off in large scales. Tree up to 20 m tall; crown rounded or spreading; bark grey-brown, flaking off in large scales.
    Indumentum
    Young parts fulvous-subsericeous; branchlets fulvous-pubescent, glabrescent; bark greyish, lenticellate. Young parts fulvous-subsericeous; branchlets fulvous-pubescent, glabrescent; bark greyish, lenticellate.
    Ovary
    Ovary 9–10 mm long, 5–7-ovulate, fulvous-appressed-puberulous; style 4–5 mm long, incurved, glabrous; stigma terminal.
    Fruits
    Pod 1–5-seeded, 6–25 × 2.5–5 cm, obtuse or acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous, glabrous, valves adhering between the seeds, thickened over the seeds; wings 5–10 mm wide. The pod is often replaced by a globose gall c.1.5 cm in diameter. Pod 1–5-seeded, 6–25 × 2.5–5 cm, obtuse or acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous, glabrous, valves adhering between the seeds, thickened over the seeds; wings 5–10 mm wide. The pod is often replaced by a globose gall c.1.5 cm in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds up to 18 × 10 × 4.5 mm; testa brown, glossy. Seeds up to 18 × 10 × 4.5 mm; testa brown, glossy.
    Leaves
    First seedling leaves opposite, very broadly ovate, cordate at base, rounded and mucronate at the apex. Leaves up to 35 cm long; petiole 2.5–7(8) cm long, rachis 10–20 cm long, fulvous-puberulous, glabrescent; petiolules 2–5 mm long; leaflets 4–7(8) on each side of the rachis, (2)3–8(12) × (2)3–5(8) cm, subcircular or broadly elliptic to elliptic or oblong- ovate, with apex rounded or obtuse or rarely subacuminate, occasionally emarginate, the base rounded or subcordate, often somewhat asymmetric, thinly puberulous-glabrescent on both surfaces; lateral nerves in 4–7 pairs, slightly prominent beneath; stipules 3–8 mm long, linear, falling early. Leaves up to 35 cm long; petiole 2.5–7(8) cm long, rachis 10–20 cm long, fulvous-puberulous, glabrescent; petiolules 2–5 mm long; leaflets 4–7(8) on each side of the rachis, (2)3–8(12) × (2)3–5(8) cm, subcircular or broadly elliptic to elliptic or oblong- ovate, with apex rounded or obtuse or rarely subacuminate, occasionally emarginate, the base rounded or subcordate, often somewhat asymmetric, thinly puberulous-glabrescent on both surfaces; lateral nerves in 4–7 pairs, slightly prominent beneath; stipules 3–8 mm long, linear, falling early.
    Distribution
    Also in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Senegal, extending to Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Congo (Katanga) and South Africa (Limpopo and Mpumalanga Provinces).
    Ecology
    In various mixed deciduous woodlands, including miombo, mopane and Sterculia/baobab woodland and in wooded grassland, in granite sandveld and Kalahari sands, often on rocky outcrops and on seasonal river banks; 30–1200 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: A very widespread taxon. Lower Risk, Least Concern.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of panicles 3–15(20) cm long, thinly fulvous-tomentellous, glabrescent; bracts and bracteoles falling early. Inflorescence of panicles 3–15(20) cm long, thinly fulvous-tomentellous, glabrescent; bracts and bracteoles falling early.
    Flowers
    Flowers 14–16 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long. Flowers 14–16 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long, thinly subsericeous; upper teeth very small, the others 0.2–0.4 mm long, depressed-triangular. Calyx 3–4 mm long, thinly subsericeous; upper teeth very small, the others 0.2–0.4 mm long, depressed-triangular.
    Corolla
    Standard 12–14 mm in diameter, abruptly reflexed near the base, emarginate, narrowly decurrent into a short claw; wings broadly obovate, auriculate, claw c.3 mm long; keel petals somewhat arcuate, connate in the middle third of the lower margin, auricle c.2 mm long, conduplicate to pouch-shaped, claw c.4 mm long. Corolla white. Corolla white. Standard 12–14 mm in diameter, abruptly reflexed near the base, emarginate, narrowly decurrent into a short claw; wings broadly obovate, auriculate, claw c.3 mm long; keel petals somewhat arcuate, connate in the middle third of the lower margin, auricle c.2 mm long, conduplicate to pouch-shaped, claw c.4 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 12–15 mm long, 9 connate in the basal 10 mm, the upper one free; anthers 1 mm long, dorsifixed. Stamens 12–15 mm long, 9 connate in the basal 10 mm, the upper one free; anthers 1 mm long, dorsifixed.
    Pistil
    Ovary 9–10 mm long, 5–7-ovulate, fulvous-appressed-puberulous; style 4–5 mm long, incurved, glabrous; stigma terminal.
    Seedling
    First seedling leaves opposite, very broadly ovate, cordate at base, rounded and mucronate at the apex.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree 6–18 m. tall, with ascending branches and rounded crown; bark grey-brown, usually rough, flaking.
    Branches
    Young branchlets golden-brown or rusty tomentellous, sometimes (particularly in West Africa) floccose-tomentose; older branchlets rather thickened, corky and much scarred, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly aggregated near the branch-tips, ± 25–45 cm. long; stipules oblong-acuminate to linear-lanceolate, 6–12 mm. long, caducous; lateral leaflets (5–)6–8 on either side, mostly oblong-lanceolate to oblong-ovate, sometimes ovate, up to 5–13 cm. long, 3.5–6(–9) cm. wide, the lower ones often relatively small, bluntly pointed to shortly rounded at apex, rounded to cordate and unequal-sided at base, with the margins slightly recurved on the older leaflets, covered with a golden or silvery silky indumentum at first, becoming shortly pubescent and ultimately glabrescent above, ± discolorous and coriaceous, with ± 6–10 laxly inserted curved-ascending primary lateral nerves prominulous beneath, a lax tertiary venation and fine ultimate vein-reticulum.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles with laxly inserted spreading branches, ± 7–18(–22) cm. long, rusty tomentellous to floccose-tomentose; bracts lanceolate, 1–2 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at top of the 2–5 mm. long pedicel, minute.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, tomentellous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 13–15 mm. long, white or greenish-white, sometimes marked darker at base of petals.
    Fruits
    Fruits linear-oblong, ± 9–18(–30) cm. long, 3–4(–4.5) cm. wide, glabrescent, 1–3(–5)-seeded, sometimes replaced by ± 1.5–2 cm. long hard subglobose-ellipsoid galls.
    Figures
    Fig. 18.
    Habitat
    A common and widespread constituent of various types of deciduous woodland and bushland particularly on well-drained soils; 100–1650 m.
    Distribution
    in the savannah zone of W. Africa from Senegal to N. Nigeria and in the drier parts of southern Africa south to the Transvaal and Swaziland K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Sudanian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A deciduous tree
    Ecology
    Of savannah woodland
    Height
    Up to 40 or 50 ft. high
    Bark
    Bark separating in thick scales
    Exudate
    Trunk exuding blood-red sap when cut
    Flowers
    Flowers white in crowded grey- or rusty-tomentose panicles appearing before the leaves.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Caprivi Strip, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Aganope stuhlmannii (Taub.) Adema appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 4, 2010 Lotter, M.C. [1674], Mozambique Xeroderris stuhlmannii K000823733
    Jan 1, 1968 Chevalier [298], Senegal Xeroderris stuhlmannii K000263262 syntype
    Jan 1, 1968 Chevalier [24023] Xeroderris stuhlmannii K000263263
    Jan 1, 1968 Chevalier [26.047], Senegal Xeroderris stuhlmannii K000263264
    Jan 1, 1968 Chevalier [26.047], Senegal Xeroderris stuhlmannii K000263265
    Jan 1, 1968 Stuhlmann [190], Tanzania Xeroderris stuhlmannii K000263260 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1968 Stuhlmann [6484], Tanzania Xeroderris stuhlmannii K000263261
    Tanner, R. [313], Tanzania Ostryoderris stuhlmannii 15706.000
    Tanner, R. [993], Tanzania Ostryoderris stuhlmannii 16387.000
    Hughes, J. [292], Tanzania Ostryoderris stuhlmannii 13203.000

    First published in Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 28: 10 (2000)

    Accepted by

    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0