1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea pinifolia (Nees) Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 50-200 cm long; 10 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 3-9 cm long; smooth; distally pruinose. Lateral branches dendroid; intravaginal. Bud complement 7-20. Branch complement several, or many; in a horizontal line; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 3.2-9.1 cm long. Culm-sheath ligule 1-2 mm high; dentate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 0.9-3.3 cm long. Leaves 12-16 per branch. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long; truncate. Collar without external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1 cm long. Leaf-blades linear; 1.3-5.3 cm long; 7-20 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform; linear; 1-4 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 0.5-1 cm long. Panicle axis angular; scaberulous. Panicle branches angular; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 2-3 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-7.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-7.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.4-0.6 mm long; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.4-1.3 mm long; 0.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2.4-4 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-5 -veined; without lateral veins, or distinctly veined; puberulous; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 2.9-4 mm long; chartaceous; pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 4.7-5.7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea 4.3-5.8 mm long; 4 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 2.8-3.3 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea pinifolia (Nees) Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Brazil K000433251 syntype
    Jan 1, 1995 Sello [s.n.], Brazil K000433250 syntype
    Jan 1, 1995 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000433252 syntype
    Jan 1, 1988 Hatschbach, G. [22210], Brazil K000925249
    Jan 1, 1988 Riedel, L. [436], Brazil K000925273
    Jan 1, 1988 Camerik, A.M. [233], Brazil K000925247
    Jan 1, 1988 Glaziou, A.F.M. [6446], Brazil K000925274
    Apr 4, 1972 Soderstrom, T.R. [1927], Brazil K000925246
    Jan 1, 1923 Luetzelburg [6171], Brazil K000925271
    Jan 1, 1923 Luetzelburg [6374], Brazil K000925268
    Jan 1, 1923 Luetzelburg [6374], Brazil K000925269
    Jan 1, 1923 Luetzelburg [6371], Brazil K000925270
    Clark, L. [790], Brazil K000925244
    Clark, L. [660], Brazil K000925245
    Luetzelburg [6277], Brazil K000925252
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [16626], Brazil K000925250
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [9831], Brazil K000925272
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6445], Brazil K000925275
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [16626], Brazil K000925251
    Lange, R.R. [16], Brazil K000925248
    s.coll. [H19596], Bahia K000795352

    First published in Linnaea 9: 490 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0