1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum brevibarbe (Michx.) Pers.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & SE. U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; robust; 150-200 cm long; 9-10 -noded. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 30-60 cm long; 10-15 mm wide; 20-30 cm long at summit of culm. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle glabrous. Panicle open; lanceolate; dense; 20-35 cm long. Racemes 3-4 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; pilose on surface. Rhachis internodes linear; 4 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; 4 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 0.66 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs 0.66 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 2-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; glabrous. Lower glume margins eciliate, or ciliolate. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4 mm long; hyaline; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; subterete below; 15-16 mm long overall.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    North America: north-central USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Man US Gr 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas

    Saccharum brevibarbe (Michx.) Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 103 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0