1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gomphrena L.
      1. Gomphrena martiana Gillies ex Moq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru to N. Argentina.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Prostrate or sprawling to ascending herb, to at least 50 cm., branched from the base upwards; stem and branches feebly striate, more or less densely furnished in the upper parts with upwardly appressed, rather long white hairs, becoming glabrescent with age.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to oblong-ovate, elliptic or subspathulate, lamina of the larger leaves c. 2–10 × 1–5 cm. (reducing above on both stem and branches), acute to rather blunt at the apex, cuneate or attenuate to a distinct petiole c. 0.5–3.5 cm. long, subglabrous or with scattered hairs on the superior surface, with appressed hairs chiefly along the primary venation below.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of mostly c. 4 agglomerated clusters forming a head c. 1–2.5 × 0.5–3 cm., frequently broader than long, subtended by 4–5 unequal leaves, on a slender appressed-pilose peduncle c.1.5–5.5 cm. long; bracts small, delicate and hyaline, c.1.5–2 mm. long, deltoid-ovate, shortly aristate; bracteoles concave, c. 4.5–5 mm. long, deltoid-ovate with a short mucro formed by the excurrent nerve, firm and yellowish above, hyaline towards the base, with no dorsal crest.
    Tepal
    Tepals 4–5 mm. long; outer 2 linear-oblong, rather abruptly narrowed to the slightly denticulate, mucronate apex, 1-nerved, the firm central part near the base finely striate and more or less tomentose; inner 3 progressively slightly shorter, narrower and more narrowly pointed; all very indurate at the base in fruit.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube c. 3 mm. long, divided to c. half way, with only a short blunt tooth or knob on each side of the antheriferous tooth.
    Pistil
    Ovary at anthesis c. 1.5 mm. long; style very short, stigmas filiform.
    Fruits
    Capsule shortly ellipsoid, c. 1.5 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, c. 1.25 mm. in diam., brown, faintly reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru

    Introduced into:

    Mozambique, New York

    Gomphrena martiana Gillies ex Moq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [s.n.], Bolivia K000583116
    Gillies [s.n.], Argentina K000634970 holotype
    Lorenty, P.G. [1239], Argentina K000634969 Unknown type material

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 400 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Pedersen, T.M. (2016). Flora del Paraguay 46: 1-258. Editions des Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la ville de Genève.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0