1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dysphania R.Br.
      1. Dysphania carinata (R.Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Queensland to E. Victoria.

    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual herb, prostrate to erect, normally branched near base into simple to much branched stems up to 60 cm. long; plant green, rarely red-tinged, pubescent and glandular, aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves in outline ovate to elliptic, rarely narrow-elliptic, small, mostly 0.3–3 × 0.25–2 cm., sometimes as wide as long, with 2–4 (6) usually coarse sometimes obscure entire or denticulate teeth or lobes on each margin, rarely entire or almost so; glands between veins on inferior side of leaves sessile to subsessile, not accompanied by hairs unless on veins.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, minute, c. 0.4–0.75 mm. in diam., sessile or subsessile in small dense rounded axillary clusters at most of the nodes.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments normally 5, pubescent and glandular, each with a conspicuous wing-like hairy keel broadening upwards.
    Stamens
    Stamen 1.
    Seeds
    Seeds all “vertical” (laterally compressed), deep red-brown, shining, 0.5–0.75 mm. in diam., bluntly or sharply keeled; testa (seen under microscope) almost smooth.
    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Annual herb similar to C. pumilio, prostrate to erect, normally branched near base into simple to much branched stems up to 60 cm. long, green rarely red-tinged, pubescent and glandular, aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to elliptic rarely narrow-elliptic in outline, small, mostly 0.3–3 cm. long and 0.25–2 cm. wide, sometimes as wide as long, with 2–4 (–6) usually coarse sometimes obscure entire or denticulate teeth or lobes on each margin, rarely entire or almost so, glands between veins on lower side of leaves sessile to subsessile not accompanied by hairs unless on veins.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, minute, about 0.4–0.75 mm. in diameter, sessile or subsessile in small rounded axillary clusters at most of the nodes.
    Calyx
    Sepals normally 5, pubescent and glandular, each with a conspicuous wing-like keel broadening upwards.
    Stamens
    Stamen 1.
    Seeds
    Seed (Fig. 2/8, p. 3) as in C. pumilio.
    Habitat
    A weed by roadsides and among cultivated maize; also recorded from bare patches of rock in Aristida–Harpachne grassland; altitude-range uncertain, recorded from 1620–1680 m.
    Distribution
    native of Australia, doubtfully so in New Zealand and New Caledoniaintroduced, often through wool, into other parts of the world including Britain. K3 K4

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Bolivia, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Missouri, Namibia, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Zealand North, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Texas, Turkmenistan, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe

    Dysphania carinata (R.Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2018 Simaga, J.M. [3054], Papua New Guinea K000342371

    First published in Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 59: 382 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Korovin, E.P. & Vvedensky, A.I. (eds.) (1953). Flora Uzbekistana 2: 1-547. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • B.A.Fedtschenko & al. (1937). Flora Turkmenii 2: 1-217. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0