1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Saccharum L.
      1. Saccharum alopecuroides (L.) Nutt.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; robust; 150-300 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 40-80 cm long; 12-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous; hairless except near base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle hirsute above. Panicle open; elliptic; dense; 20-30 cm long. Panicle axis pilose. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on surface. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels linear; villous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 10-15 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 10-15 mm long; 2 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; pallid; 2-keeled. Lower glume surface flat; pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; pallid; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; acute. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; 0 -veined. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; flat below; 10-15 mm long overall; with a straight or slightly twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    North America: north-central USA, northeast USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Gr Texas 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia

    Saccharum alopecuroides (L.) Nutt. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 60 (1818)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0