1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dysphania R.Br.
      1. Dysphania schraderiana (Schult.) Mosyakin & Clemants

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan.

    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Annual up to 1–1.3 m. high, upright; main stem simple or with few rarely many lateral branches, especially near base; plant green, sometimes red-tinged, shortly glandular and pubescent all over, strongly aromatic.
    Leaves
    Lower and median leaves elliptic to oblong in outline, mostly 1–5 (–8) cm. long and 0.5–3 (–5) cm. wide, mostly obtuse at apex, pinnately divided throughout each side into 3–5 narrow blunt lobes which are entire or with a few blunt teeth and all extend usually to within 2–3 mm. of midrib, glands between veins on lower surface of leaf all sessile (use x 20 lens), not accompanied by hairs; upper leaves progressively smaller and less divided.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence as in C. procerum (p. 11) but often tending to be smaller.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish or red-tinged, minute, 0.5–1 mm. in diameter.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, each with a prominent toothed keel outside from near apex to near base, glandular outside, glands all sessile (use x 20 lens).
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–2.
    Fruits
    Pericarp easily rubbed or scraped off seed.
    Seeds
    Seeds (Fig. 2/7, p. 3) black or nearly so, somewhat glossy, 0.7–0.8 mm. in diameter, bluntly and not prominently keeled; testa under microscope with very minute shallow contiguous rounded or angular pits.
    Habitat
    A locally common weed of cultivated areas and waste places; 1220–2290 m.
    Distribution
    from the A.-E. Sudan, Ethiopia and Somaliland southwards through eastern Africa to the Cape and Angolararely adventive in Europerecorded from other parts of the Old and New Worlds, but apparently in error K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T7 U1 U2 U4
    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual 0.1–1.5 m. high, upright; main stem simple or with few, rarely many lateral branches, especially near base; plant green; sometimes red, shortly glandular and pubescent all over, strongly aromatic.
    Leaves
    Inferior and median leaves elliptic to oblong in outline, mostly 1–5 (8) × 0.5–3 (5) cm., mostly obtuse at apex, pinnately divided throughout each side into 3–5 narrow blunt lobes extending usually to within 1–3 mm. of midrib; lobes entire or with a few blunt teeth; glands between veins on inferior surfaces of leaf all sessile (seen under × 20 lens), not accompanied by hairs; superior leaves progressively smaller and less divided.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences composed of dichotomously branched axillary cymes which are usually aggregated into more or less leafy or leafless continuous cylindrical inflorescences 1.5–6 cm. wide and up to about 60 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish or red-tinged, minute, 0.5–1 mm. in diam.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, each with a prominent toothed keel outside from near apex to near base, glandular outside; glands all sessile (use × 20 lens).
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–2.
    Seeds
    Pericarp easily rubbed or scraped off seed. Seeds black or nearly so, somewhat glossy, 0.7–0.8 mm. in diam., bluntly and not prominently keeled; testa (seen under microscope) with very minute shallow contiguous rounded or angular pits.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Namibia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, Free State, Hungary, Italy, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Swaziland, Ukraine

    Dysphania schraderiana (Schult.) Mosyakin & Clemants appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 11, 1984 Macaulay [630], Zambia Chenopodium schraderianum K000243860
    Baum, H. [724], Angola Chenopodium schraderianum K000569276 syntype

    First published in Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 59: 383 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Sukhorukov, A.P., Liu, P.L. & Kushunina, M. (2019). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Himalaya and Tibet PhytoKeys 116: 1-141.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Uotila, P. (2013). Dysphania sect. Botryoides (Amaranthaceae s.lat.) in Asia Willdenowia 43: 65-80.
    • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2012). Med-Checklist Notulae, 31 Willdenowia 42: 287-295.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2012). Med-Checklist Notulae, 31 Willdenowia 42: 287-295.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0