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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa fusca (Sw.) B.F.Hansen & Wunderlin

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Oklahoma to Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 30-120 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or pubescent. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hispid; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-20(-30) cm long; 5-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hispid; with tubercle-based hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Racemes 3-20; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-8 cm long; secondarily branched; secondary branches racemulose. Central inflorescence axis 6-15 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; with scattered hairs and pubescent on surface. Spikelet packing irregular. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 2.4-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 2.4-3 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.25-0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume obovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; obovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; with cross-veins; glabrous; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.2-2.8 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels. Palea surface rugose.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia. North America: southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Texas.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, New South Wales, Queensland

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa fusca (Sw.) B.F.Hansen & Wunderlin appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [6009], Guerrero K000476054
    Hinton, G.B. [6460], Guerrero K000476055
    Hinton, G.B. [6309], Guerrero K000476056
    Hinton, G.B. [5205], México State K000476057
    Apr 1, 1998 Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1159], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078362
    Apr 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1160], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078363
    Brachiaria fasciculata K000309374
    Philcox, D. [4074], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078354
    Philcox, D. [4077], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078355
    Ridley, H.N. [0], Fernando de Noronha Brachiaria fasciculata K000003848
    Banks, J. [s.n.] Brachiaria fasciculata K000309373
    Spruce, R. [6422], Ecuador Brachiaria fasciculata K000201688
    Ule, E. [8018], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078353
    Eiten, G. [3742], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078357
    Eiten, G. [10315], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078358
    Eiten, G. [10731], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078359
    Eiten, G. [10771], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078360
    Eiten, G. [10439], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078361
    Munro [s.n.] Brachiaria fasciculata K001078367
    Black, G.A. [54-16548], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078356
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [14395], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078368
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [12270], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078369
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [14396], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078370
    Swainson, W. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078366
    Spruce, R. [161], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078364
    Spruce, R. [340], Brazil Brachiaria fasciculata K001078365

    Bibliography

    First published in Novon 11: 368 (2001)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. & Pensiero, J.F. (2014). Gramineae VI Flora del Paraguay 45: 1-392. Editions des Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la ville de Genève.

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria fasciculata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 3: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0