1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Centrostachys Wall.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Perennial herb with opposite leaves and branches
    Leaves
    Leaves entire
    Flowers
    Flowers bibracteolate in shortly pedunculate elongate bracteate spikes which are terminal on the stem and branches, each bract subtending a single flower; bracts persistent, hyaline; bracteoles round, hyaline, falling with the flower
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments 5, somewhat spreading at anthesis, later closing together and considerably indurate at the base; upper tepal narrowest and longest, 1–3-nerved
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, shorter than the perianth, shortly monadelphous at the base, alternating with spathulate pseudostaminodes furnished with fimbriate dorsal scales; anthers bilocular
    Pistil
    Ovary with a single ovule pendulous on a curved funicle; radicle ascending; style filiform; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Capsule thin-walled, tightly enclosing the seed, falling together with the persistent perianth and bracteoles
    Seeds
    Endosperm copious.
    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Perennial herb with opposite leaves and branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers bibracteolate in shortly pedunculate, elongate, bracteate spikes which are terminal on the stem and branches, each bract subtending a single flower; bracts persistent, hyaline; bracteoles more or less circular, hyaline.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, somewhat spreading at anthesis, later closing together and considerably indurate at the base; upper tepal narrowest and longest, 1–3-nerved.
    Androecium
    Stamens 5, shorter than the perianth, shortly monadelphous at the base, alternating with spathulate pseudostaminodes furnished with fimbriate dorsal scales; anthers bilocular.
    Style
    Style filiform, stigma capitate.
    Ovary
    Ovary with a single ovule pendulous on a curved funicle, radicle ascending.
    Fruits
    Capsule thin-walled, tightly enclosing the seed, falling together with the persistent perianth and bracteoles.
    Seeds
    Endosperm copious.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Ethiopia, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Centrostachys Wall. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in W.Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 497 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —Schinz in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 16C: 62 (1934).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 497 (1824).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Roxb., Fl. Indica 2: 497 (1824)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0