1. Family: Connaraceae R.Br.
    1. Cnestis Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Malesia.

    [FZ]

    Connaraceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrubs, scandent or ± erect, small trees or woody lianes.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets opposite or subopposite.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or axillary, racemose; racemes often clustered in old leaf-bases on older branches.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous; androecium and gynoecium dimorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals free, valvate or slightly imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals shorter than, as long as, or a little longer than the sepals.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments free or connate at the base into a short tube.
    Carpels
    Carpels 5, densely hairy; stigma usually rounded or capitate; ovules basal or on the ventral suture near the base.
    Fruits
    Fruit a follicle, usually with a curved or twisted rostrum; dehiscence by the ventral suture; pericarp densely velutinous and pilose externally, pilose internally, the hairs often urticating.
    Seeds
    Seed with a shining testa and a basal aril; cotyledons large, flattened; endosperm present, fleshy.
    [FTEA]

    Connaraceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Shrubs, scandent or otherwise, small trees or lianes
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets opposite or subopposite, entire
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or axillary, paniculate or racemose; racemes often clustered in old leaf-bases on older branches
    Flowers
    Flowers pentamerous, androecium and gynoecium dimorphic
    Calyx
    Sepals free, valvate or slightly imbricate
    Corolla
    Petals shorter than, as long as, or longer than sepals
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments free or connate at base into short tube
    Carpels
    Carpels densely hairy, stigma expanded, rounded or capitate; ovules inserted basally or on ventral suture near base
    Fruits
    Fruit a pyriform follicle, the apex usually produced into a curved or twisted rostrum; dehiscence by ventral suture; pericarp densely velutinous and hairy externally, hairy internally, the hairs often urticating
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid; testa smooth and shining, aril free, basal, oblique, thin, not conspicuous; cotyledons flattened; endosperm present, fleshy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Benin, Borneo, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cnestis Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 374 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Schellenb. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Connarac. 28 (1938).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 460
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Schellenb. in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 127: 29 (1938).
    • Gen. Pl.: 374 (1789).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Schellenb. in E.P. IV. 127: 29 (1938)
    • Gen. Pl. 374 (1789)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0