Skip to main content
  1. Family: Menyanthaceae Dumort.
    1. Genus: Nymphoides Ség.
      1. Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific.

    [FWTA]

    Menyanthaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Aquatic plant
    Leaves
    Rounded leaves floating on the surface
    Flowers
    Emergent clusters of white or yellow flowers.
    [FTEA]

    Menyanthaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants perennial, often spotted red-violet.
    Stolons
    Stolons numerous.
    Leaves
    Leaves circular, up to 30 cm. across, reddish beneath; petiole 1.5-6 cm. or even more.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually 20-30-flowered; pedicels 4-10 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-10 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla ± 2.5-3 cm. across, white with a yellow centre; tube ± 7-9 mm. long; corolla lobes covered entirely with hairs inside; heterostylous.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted 2/ 3 or 3/ 4 of the way up the corolla-tube; anthers in short-styled flowers ± 2.5-3 mm. long, filaments long-exserted, 2-3 mm. long; anthers in long-styled flowers similar but only up to 2 mm. long, filaments not exserted, 1-2 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Gynoecium 5-8 or 10-14 mm.; ovary ovoid in both types of flowers, 3-4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, up to 6 mm. diameter, shorter than the calyx.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, sometimes more than 50, smooth to ± tuberculate.
    Distribution
    T2 T5 (of the SPECIES) Pantropical
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 1125 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba, acuática
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Fiji, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Manchuria, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2012 I Made Maduarta [IMM 165], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734255
    Sri Lanka 36250.018
    Tanzania K000418518
    Schweinfurth, G. [2270], Sudan K000418523 Unknown type material
    Bogner [1144], Brazil K001138304
    Kirk [2], Tanzania K000418519
    Kirk [2], Tanzania K000418520
    Lindeman, J.C. [2613], Brazil K001138305
    Cutler [109-524], Argentina 54498.000
    Schimper [1358], Ethiopia K000418524 Unknown type material
    Pirani, J.R. [1873], Brazil K001138301
    Eiten, G. [4633], Brazil K001138303
    Farney, C. [379], Brazil K001138300
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1995], Tanzania K000418521
    Whyte, A. [40], Kenya K000418522 Unknown type material
    Leprieur [s.n.], Senegal K000418526
    Roger [s.n.], Senegal K000418525
    Esquirol, J. [2532], China K000832798
    Glaziou, A. [21762], Brazil K001138299
    Holland, H. [56], Queensland K000832778
    Silva, D.M. [46], Brazil K001138302
    s.coll. [4352], India Limnanthemum indicum K000894393
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4352], Myanmar Villarsia indica K001038792
    Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 4352] Villarsia indica K001038793
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352] Villarsia indica K001038787
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352] Villarsia indica K001038788
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352], India Villarsia indica K001038789
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352], India Villarsia indica K001038790
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352], India Villarsia indica K001038791

    Bibliography

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 429 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Whitehouse, C. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menyanthaceae: 1-5.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1995). Flora of China 16: 1-479. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Schiman-Czeiha, H. (1967). Flora Iranica 41: 1-28. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Rev. Gen. 2: 429 (1891).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1995). Flora of China 16: 1-479. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Schiman-Czeiha, H. (1967). Flora Iranica 41: 1-28. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • A. Raynal in Adansonia, sér. 2, 14: 416, t. 18 (1974).
    • Marais & I. Verd. in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 243 (1963), pro parte.
    • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 302 (1963), pro parte.
    • Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 429 (1891).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0