Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and for food.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 30 - 2000 m.
Distribution
Native and cultivated in Colombia.
Conservation
Near threatened.
Morphology General Habit
Tree.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
A tree with 2 leaflets per leaf, very similar to Trachylobium (p. 132), but with non-clawed petals and smooth fruits.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Abati, Algarobo, Asucar-huain, Avati, Corobore, Courbaril, Guapinol, Jatahy, Jatai, Jataiba, Jatoba, Jutahy, Locust, Nazareno, Pampa Estoraque, Simiri, South American Locust, Stinking Tree, Timbary, Trapuca, West Indian Locust, West Indian Locust Tree

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
Conservation
Casi Amenazada

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Jatoba D'Anta, Jatoba Pitombo, Pau Roxo

[UPB]
Use Food
Infructescences - Edible fruit (Romero Castañeda 1961, Pérez Arbeláez 1996). Seeds - edible (Pérez Arbeláez 1996).
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Wood
Entire plant - Used for furniture (López-Camacho et al 2016). Used for crafts (López-Camacho et al 2016). Used for construction (López-Camacho et al 2016).
Use Materials Gums Resins
The resins is used to make waterproof canoes (Linares 1994). Amber-coloured resin is used for incense (Romero Castañeda 1961).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Wood

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Benin, Borneo, China Southeast, Congo, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaya, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Uganda, Zimbabwe

Spanish
Algarrobo, algarroba, pecueca, algarrobillo, copal, ámbar, mangle duro, guapinol, nazareno, copal americano, corobore.

Hymenaea courbaril L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2014 Lee, Y.T. [82], Paraíba K000057245 paratype
Jan 1, 2009 Sasaki, D. [1768], Mato Grosso K000579577
Nov 1, 2007 Henicka, G.S. [93], Mato Grosso K000579579
Jan 1, 1998 Cavalcanti, T.B. [1310], Brazil K000404140
May 1, 1995 Menandro, M.S. [265], Brazil K000404143
Sep 1, 1988 Ferreira, C.A.C. [6229], Brazil K000404130
Sep 1, 1988 Lima, H.C. [2721], Brazil K000404129
Apr 18, 1988 Milliken, W. [821], Brazil K000404117
Jan 1, 1985 Gentry, A. [50164], Ceará K000057229
Aug 1, 1981 Harley, R.M. [21634], Bahia K000057230
Apr 1, 1981 Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M115], Paraíba K000057232
Apr 1, 1981 Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M162], Paraíba K000057233
Apr 1, 1981 Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M162], Paraíba K000057234
Mar 1, 1973 s.coll. [5917 (herb. no.)], Surinam K000404184
Mar 1, 1973 Burchell [8554], Brazil K000404111
Mar 1, 1973 Ducke [277], Brazil K000404115
Mar 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [48802], Brazil K000404136
Mar 1, 1973 Spruce [54], Brazil K000404113
Mar 1, 1973 s.coll. [72] K000404139
Mar 1, 1973 Archer, W.A. [7559], Brazil K000404138
Mar 1, 1973 Ducke, A. [16906], Para K000404123
Mar 1, 1973 Burchell [6919], Brazil K000404110
Mar 1, 1973 s.coll. [5819 (herb. no.)], Surinam K000404183
Mar 1, 1973 Ducke [218], Brazil K000404114
Jan 1, 1970 Silva, M. [2412], Brazil K000404121
Lewis, G.P., Brazil 48755.000
Milliken, W. [821], Brazil 53240.000
Eiten, G. [10366], Piauí K000057231
Lima, H.C. [6808], Pará K000834233
Lewis, G.P. [1700], Roraima K000834234
Hamilton, M.A. [MH 1111] 66904.000
Froes, R. [1803], Brazil K000404116
Maciel, U.N. [1562], Brazil K000404127
Ducke, A. [s.n.], Brazil K000404109
Schatz, G.E. [764], Brazil K000404132
Froes, R. [11528], Brazil K000404120
Langenheim, J.H. [5593], Brazil K000404134
Dias, W. [s.n.], Rio de Janeiro K000834232
Lewis, G.P. [1700], Roraima K000834235
Pires, J.M. [51438], Brazil K000404112
Bisby, F.A. [1222], Brazil K000404137
Apr 1, 1995 Brito, H.S. [332], Bahia Peltogyne confertifolia K000057115
Oct 23, 1990 Onishi, E. [916], Mato Grosso Peltogyne confertifolia K000834082
Mar 25, 1983 Hunt, D.R. [6128], Goiás Peltogyne confertifolia K000834088
Mar 1, 1983 Eupunino, A. [218], Bahia Peltogyne confertifolia K000057197
Mar 1, 1983 Eupunino, A. [218], Bahia Peltogyne confertifolia K000057199
Oct 1, 1975 Blanchet, J.S. (Moricand, M.E.) [3108], Bahia Peltogyne confertifolia K000057201 syntype
Oct 1, 1975 Schott [s.n.], Brazil Peltogyne confertifolia K000555154 syntype
Oct 1, 1975 Blanchet, J.S. [3108], Bahia Peltogyne confertifolia K000057200 syntype
Oct 1, 1975 Gardner, G. [2465], Piauí Peltogyne confertifolia K000057203 syntype
Oct 1, 1975 Gardner, G. [2465], Piauí Peltogyne confertifolia K000057202 syntype
Ratter, J.A. [1706], Mato Grosso Peltogyne confertifolia K000834083
Riedel [506], Mato Grosso Peltogyne confertifolia K000834086
J.A .Ratter [4137], Mato Grosso Peltogyne confertifolia K000834090
Irwin, H.S. [31466], Bahia Peltogyne confertifolia K000834089
Santos, R.R. [1246], Mato Grosso Peltogyne confertifolia K000834081
Burchell [7444], Goiás Peltogyne confertifolia K000834084
Silva, M.F.F. [1010], Maranhão Peltogyne confertifolia K000834095
Heringer, E.P. [13147], Goiás Peltogyne confertifolia K000834093
Burchell [6596], Goiás Peltogyne confertifolia K000834085
Ratter, J.A. [6889], Tocantins Peltogyne confertifolia K000834091
Riedel [691], Brazil Peltogyne confertifolia K000834087
Perreira, B.A.S. [2674], Brazil Peltogyne confertifolia K000834092
Ratter, J.A. [8068], Minas Gerais Peltogyne confertifolia K000834094
Santos, T.S. [328], Bahia Peltogyne confertifolia K000057198
Langenheim, J.H. [5611], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. subsessilis K000404208
Krukoff, B.A. [7952], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. subsessilis K000404209
Jan 1, 1996 Dubs, B. [2009], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404203
Jan 1, 1996 Dubs, B. [2038], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404202
Jan 1, 1993 Queiroz, L.P. [3614], Bahia Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000057129
Jan 1, 1993 Queiroz, L.P. [3663], Bahia Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000057128
Mar 1, 1973 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404199
Mar 1, 1973 Kuhlmann, J.G. [s.n.], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404194
Mar 1, 1973 s.coll. [s.n.], Minas Gerais Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404204 neotype
Mar 1, 1973 Claussen, P. [148], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404196
Mar 1, 1973 Kuhlmann, J.G. [25059], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404195
Mar 1, 1973 Burchell [s.n.], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404198
Mar 1, 1973 Barreto, M. [25432], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404197
Langenheim, J.H. [5672], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404205
Argent, G. [6448], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404207
Claussen [s.n.], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404200
Lee, Y.T. [136], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404206
Langenheim, J.H. [5642], Bahia Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000057244
Santos, R.R. [1231], Brazil Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa K000404201
Mori, S.A. [16834], Brazil Hymenaea stilbocarpa K000404304
Mori, S.A. [16834], Brazil Hymenaea stilbocarpa K000404305

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1192 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Forero, E. & Castellanos, C. (eds.) (2019). Estudios en Leguminosas Colombianas 3: 1-398. Academia Colombiana de ciencias exactas, físicas y naturales.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Souza, V.C. & al. (2016). Flora dos Estados de Goiás e Tocantins 48: 1-147. Universidade federal de Goiás.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
  • Linares, E. (1994). Inventario preliminar de las plantas utilizadas para elaborar artesanías en Colombia. Vniversitas Scientarium. Vol 2: 1-38
  • López-Camacho, R. (2008). Productos forestales no maderables, importancia e impacto de su aprovechamiento. Colombia Forestal (11).
  • López-Camacho, R., Pulido, E., Diaz, J. (2016). APP Especies Maderables Versión 2 [online application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com
  • Romero Castañeda, R. (1961). Plantas útiles de Colombia. Volumen I. San Juan Eudes, Bogotá.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Bojer, W. (1837). Hortus Mauritianus ou Enumeration des Plants... l'ile Maurice
  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Corner, E. J. H (1952). Wayside trees of Malaya (2nd ed.) Singapore.
  • Dale, I. R. (1953). A descriptive list of the introduced trees of Uganda
  • DeGuzman, Umali & Sotalbo (1986). Guide to Philippine Flora & Fauna 3:199-230. Philippines.
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
  • Lee, Y. T. & Langenheim, J. H. (1975). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot 69:1-109 Systematics of Hymenaea L.
  • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
  • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/