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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora acuminata Mattick

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.


    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Unarmed apparently glabrous tree 4–7 m. tall; outer bark peeling in several conspicuous, glistening, copper-coloured, translucent, fragile, layered sheets from the green under-bark; slash red outside, white inside, exudate very white, gummy, odourless; twigs rather slender, often ± 2 mm. in diameter; buds reddish.
    Leaves coriaceous, olive-green when dry, apparently always 3-foliolate (but leafy long-shoots not yet seen), apparently glabrous but minute glandular hairs 0.05–0.1 mm. long present on petioles and petiolules; petiole channelled, 20–55 mm.; lateral petiolules 2–3 mm.; central petiolule 2–10 mm. long; leaflets entire, ovate-rhombic, the laterals rounded at the base but usually with a narrow wing-like, often asymmetric, extension into the petiolule, the central broadly cuneate and also narrowly drawn out into the petiolule; all leaflets acuminate, the acumen up to 2 cm. long, 3–5 mm. wide near its middle, acute; lateral leaflets up to 5 cm. long × 3 cm. wide, the central up to 7 by 14 cm.; lateral veins 3–5 on each side, slightly prominent above and beneath, ultimate vein network dark, visible but not prominent.
    Male flowers unknown.
    Male flowers unknown.
    Fruiting panicles minutely glandular pubescent, borne among the leaves, 1–3 cm. long (shorter than the petioles), each with (1–)2(–3) drupes; pedicels 5–8 mm. long. Calyx 1.5 mm. long, the reflexed triangular lobes as long as the tube; staminodes 1.5 mm. long; style subpersistent on young fruits, cylindrical, 1 mm. long; stigma capitate.
    Drupe flattened, asymmetric ellipsoid, slightly apiculate, measuring when dry 10.5 × 8 (2 + 3.5) mm., after boiling 12 × 10 × (2.5 + 4) mm.; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril with 4 broadly triangular irregular lobes almost as long as the stone which is smooth with distinct sutural ridges, a very faintly marked germination shield, minute apical slits, a fertile locule with a markedly protuberant smooth hump above its middle and an almost flat gently convex sterile locule, 9.5 × 7 × (1.5 + 3) mm.
    Fig. 10/6, p.59.
    Dense Acacia, Commiphora bushland on rocky slopes; 750–900 m.; rainfall 600–750 mm.
    T5 T6 not known elsewhere


    Native to:


    Other Data

    Commiphora acuminata Mattick appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 656 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 80 (1949).
    • Mattick in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 12: 656 (1935).


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.