1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora baluensis Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to N. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Tree 6–20 m. tall, the trunk often up to 5 m. tall below the lowest branch and 35 cm. diameter at breast height; outer bark peeling in large white or yellowish flakes from the blue-green under-bark; slash with red layers; exudate yellowish, very slightly scented; young twigs straight, or very slightly zigzag, fluted, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, green at first, later grey, ± 2 mm. in diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–5-foliolate, almost glabrous or pubescent with ± erect 0.1–0.5 mm. long hairs; rhachis up to 10 cm. including a petiole up to 7 cm. long; leaflets thin, their margins serrate or crenate almost throughout their length with 12–22 teeth on each side, the laterals cuneate-obovate or elliptic-obovate, sessile, rounded at the base, rounded or acute apically, up to 6 cm. long and 4 cm. wide, the terminal obovate attenuate basally into a pseudo-petiolule (? rhachis extension) which may be up to 17 mm. long, up to 9 cm. long and 6 cm. wide.
    Buds
    Prophylls ± 9 mm. long and 3 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences pubescent or less often glabrescent, pedunculate cymes appearing with the leaves, the ♂ 5–25-flowered on peduncles 25–50 mm. long with very caducous linear bracts ± 3 mm. and pedicels up to 10 mm. long, but usually much less; ♀ 1–5-flowered on peduncles up to 30 but usually ± 5 mm. long and pedicels up to 10 but usually ± 3 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle of ♂ flowers sparsely pubescent, 1 mm. deep.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes triangular, pubescent, 1.6 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong, 3 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, sparsely silky outside.
    Filaments
    Filaments 1.6 and 1.0, anthers 0.6 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits usually single on a 10–15 mm. stalk, of which 2/3 is peduncle, sometimes 2 or 3 together on a common peduncle. Drupe almost glabrous or sparsely pubescent, flattened-ellipsoid, ± 13 × 12 × (5 + 6) mm.; pericarp 2–3 mm. thick; pseudaril with 2 thick triangular facial lobes which nearly reach the tip of the stone and no sutural lobes; stone smooth, gently convex on both sides, ± 8 × 7.5 × (2 + 3) mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 14/9–13.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland and dry forest, often on rocky ground; 600–1600 m.; rainfall 450–800 mm.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania

    Commiphora baluensis Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 15, 1984 Rammel, J.C. [2738], Kenya K000425405
    Tanzania 28483.000
    Scheffler, G. [135], Kenya K000425406

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 313 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 85 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 83 (1949).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 463, 486 (1912).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 34: 313 (1904)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0