1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora campestris Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to NE. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Small spiny trees with stout, short, fluted irregular trunks, massive branches and stout, stiff, straight spine-tipped twigs; outer bark peeling in brownish yellow flakes from the greenish yellow under-bark; slash smooth, pale or faintly pinkish; exudate not copious, usually faintly pear-scented.
    Leaves
    Leaves yellowish green or glaucous, always 3-foliolate on short-shoots, sometimes 5–7-foliolate on long-shoots; petiole ± as long as the terminal leaflet or longer; lateral leaflets suborbicular-elliptic, usually at least half as large as the terminal, which is cuneate or spathulate-oblong or obovate rounded at the apex, 15–30(– 60) mm. long, 10–15(–40) mm. wide, entire or occasionally sparsely crenate.
    Male
    Male flowers reddish orange in 4–6-flowered pedunculate ± pubescent dichasial cymes; bracteoles narrowly ovate, ± 0.7 mm. long; peduncles up to 30 mm. long; calyx usually pubescent, ± 1.7 mm. long including ± 0.6 mm. triangular lobes; petals glabrous, widened above, reflexed near the apiculate tip, ± 5.5 mm. long; filaments 4 and 2.2 mm., anthers 0.8 and 0.4–7 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female flowers rather smaller in short 1–3-flowered inflorescences. Male flowers reddish orange in 4–6-flowered pedunculate ± pubescent dichasial cymes; bracteoles narrowly ovate, ± 0.7 mm. long; peduncles up to 30 mm. long; calyx usually pubescent, ± 1.7 mm. long including ± 0.6 mm. triangular lobes; petals glabrous, widened above, reflexed near the apiculate tip, ± 5.5 mm. long; filaments 4 and 2.2 mm., anthers 0.8 and 0.4–7 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers rather smaller in short 1–3-flowered inflorescences.
    Fruits
    Fruit borne singly on (2–)3–5(–9) mm. stalks, flattened-ellipsoid or flattened-spheroid, not or hardly beaked, usually almost 12 × 12 × (3 + 5.5) mm. but smaller in certain forms; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril 4-armed, all arms linear or that over the fertile face wider and very irregular, sometimes with detached islets of pseudarillar tissue on the stone which is black when mature, smooth, 7–10 × 6–10 × (1.5–2 + 4–4.5) mm.; apical pits minute; germination shield obscure; sterile locule gently convex, not humped or ridged, the stone thus asymmetrically elliptic when viewed from above.
    Habitat
    10–1200 m.; rainfall 230–800 mm.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania

    Commiphora campestris Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 97 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 469 (1990).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 86 (1961), pro parte.
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 80 (1949).
    • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 797, fig. 373 (1915).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 458, 475, fig. 2D, DA (1912)
    • P.O.A B: 311 & C: 229, t. 25A–E (1895)
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 15: 97 (1892)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0