1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora edulis (Klotzsch) Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Limpopo.

    [FZ]

    Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to 10 m. tall; bark pale grey, smooth, under layer green peeling; young branches densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate; petiole up to 8 (10) cm. long, pubescent; leaflets 2–4-jugate, up to 9·5 × 4 cm., oblong, narrowly ovate-elliptic or elliptic, apex acute or subacute, margin entire, base rounded (cuneate in terminal leaflet), scabrous above, harshly and densely pubescent below; petiolules up to 1 mm. long, densely pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing with the young or mature leaves, in axillary paniculate cymes up to 15 cm. long; side-branches short; branches of inflorescence densely pubescent; bracteoles c. 4 mm. long, caducous, brown, pubescent; pedicels clustered, very short or flowers sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 3·5 mm. long, cylindric-campanulate, lobed to rather more than half-way, densely pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments slender, broadening and flattening somewhat towards the base.
    Disc
    Disk-lobes not developed.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 2 × 1·2 cm., ellipsoid, pubescent; pseudaril cupular, very fleshy, clasping the lowest third of the endocarp, with 4 short lobes or undulations; endocarp c. 1·5 × 1 cm., ellipsoid, smooth, both faces moderately convex.
    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Shrub, usually branching from the base though sometimes described as a small tree 2–7–8(–10) m. tall; bark pale grey, smooth; slash dull red or layered red and orange, rather rough; exudate not or but faintly scented, scanty or sometimes more copious and milky; young stems densely pubescent, fluted, 3–4 mm. in diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves densely pubescent beneath, up to 22 cm. long including a petiole of up to 6 cm., 3–9(–11)-foliolate; leaflets up to 7 cm. long and 3 cm. wide on petiolules under 1.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish yellow, fragrant, appearing just before or with the young leaves.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence densely pubescent, the ♂ a narrow spiciform interrupted panicle consisting of clusters of cymes on an axis up to 15 cm. long including a peduncle up to 35 mm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate, up to 4 mm.; pedicels 1–3 mm. long; receptacle cup-shaped, ± 0.8 mm. wide and deep; calyx densely pubescent, ± 2 mm. long, divided ± halfway into acute ovate lobes; petals oblong, glabrous, 4–5 mm. long; filaments 3 and 2 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.6 mm. long. Female inflorescence much shorter, under 25 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit-stalk 10–20(–60) mm. long of which the pedicel is under 2 mm.; fruit pubescent, elliptic-ovoid, ± 20 × 8 × (7 + 8) mm.; pericarp 2-valved, very fleshy, ± 3 mm. thick; pseudaril cupular, with 4 broadly triangular lobes; stone smooth, ellipsoid, gently rounded on both sides, ± 15 × 9 × (2 + 3–4) mm.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Commiphora edulis (Klotzsch) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wild, H. [2294], Zimbabwe 16037.000

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 22 (1883)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Van der Walt in Flora of Southern Africa 18: 25 (1986).
    • Coates Palgrave, Trees S. Afr.: 361 (1977).
    • Van der Walt in Bothalia 11: 81, figs. 57–62 (1973).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 279, t. 52 B (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 176, fig. 34F (1962).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 81 (1949).
    • B.D. Burtt in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1935: 108 (1935).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 474, fig. 1S (1912).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 230 (1895)
    • Engl. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 22 (1883)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0