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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora engleri Guillaumin

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    A loosely branched, small, spreading, unarmed shrub or tree 3–12 m. tall; bark green, the outer layers peeling off in small yellowish flakes; slash smooth, pale; exudate slightly resin-scented; twigs pubescent, fluted, ± 4 mm. in diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves 11–17(–19)-foliolate, up to 24 cm. long, including a petiole ± 3 cm. long, pubescent or glabrescent:leaflets sometimes oblong-elliptic and shortly acuminate, sometimes ovate and drawn out into long acuminate tips, always rounded at the base, the largest near the middle of the leaf, up to 41 mm. long and 23 mm. wide, with 4–5 principal lateral veins and up to 20 rather regular sharp serrations on each side of oblong-elliptic leaflets, 8–10 serrations on ovate leaflets.
    Male
    Male inflorescence paniculate, up to 19 cm. long, sparsely pubescent with 0.2–0.3 mm. long non-glandular hairs and, especially on the pedicels, snorter (up to 0.1 mm.) glandular hairs; the peduncle up to 55 mm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate or spathulate and subfoliaceous, up to 10 mm. long and 1.7 mm. wide; pedicels up to 37 mm. long; receptacle a cup ± 0.8 mm. deep and 1.3 mm. wide; calyx puberulous or glabrescent, the tube ± 0.5 mm., the lobes lanceolate, 2.5 mm. long; petals glabrous, linear-oblong, 4.7 mm. long; filaments 3 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.6 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences shorter, up to 6 cm. long, the peduncles 12–30 mm., pedicels up to 25 mm. long; calyx as in the ♂; petals 4.5 mm.; staminodes 1.3 mm. long; ovary glabrous or pubescent, tapering into a ± 2 mm. long style; stigma capitate. Male inflorescence paniculate, up to 19 cm. long, sparsely pubescent with 0.2–0.3 mm. long non-glandular hairs and, especially on the pedicels, snorter (up to 0.1 mm.) glandular hairs; the peduncle up to 55 mm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate or spathulate and subfoliaceous, up to 10 mm. long and 1.7 mm. wide; pedicels up to 37 mm. long; receptacle a cup ± 0.8 mm. deep and 1.3 mm. wide; calyx puberulous or glabrescent, the tube ± 0.5 mm., the lobes lanceolate, 2.5 mm. long; petals glabrous, linear-oblong, 4.7 mm. long; filaments 3 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.6 mm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescences shorter, up to 6 cm. long, the peduncles 12–30 mm., pedicels up to 25 mm. long; calyx as in the ♂; petals 4.5 mm.; staminodes 1.3 mm. long; ovary glabrous or pubescent, tapering into a ± 2 mm. long style; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruits borne singly (i.e. each ♀ inflorescence producing a single fruit) on stalks 13–50 mm. long, minutely puberulous or glabrescent, described as shiny, ovoid and shortly beaked, ± 19 mm. long (including the 3 mm. beak), × 13 × (3 + 5) mm.; pericarp 2-valved ± 1.5 mm. thick; pseudaril cupular; stone smooth, appearing triquetrous as the sterile locule is humped, ± 9 × 6 × (3 + 3).
    Figures
    Fig. 12/7, p. 69.
    Habitat
    Dry woodland, especially on rocky hills and scarps; rainfall 870–1650 mm.; 450–800 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Commiphora engleri Guillaumin appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 17, 1984 Stuhlmann [4584], Tanzania K000425417
    Oct 17, 1984 Fischer [96], Tanzania K000425418

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: 141 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 87 (1961), pro parte excl. Edwards 51.
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 84 (1949).
    • Guillaumin in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 56: 141 (1909).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0