1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora erlangeriana Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia to Somalia.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Unarmed little-branched shrub or small tree up to 4(–5) m. tall; bark yellowish to greyish brown, regularly reticulately ribbed, not peeling; older branches often twisted and gnarled; young branches glabrous or sparsely puberulous, 4–8 mm. in diameter, fluted, sometimes beset with persistent petioles.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous or sparsely puberulous, (3–)5–9(–11)-foliolate, up to 22 cm. long including a 3–6 cm. petiole and a terminal leaflet up to 5 cm. on a petiolule 2–6 mm. long; leaflets entire, the laterals virtually sessile, rounded or cordate at the base, acute or acuminate apically, up to 8 cm. long and 5.5 cm. wide, the upper surface often with many small blisters when mature.
    Inflorescences
    Male flowers in extraordinary drooping glabrous racemes which may be branched; pedicels under 1 mm. long; calyx glabrous, 3 mm.; petals dark red, 4 mm.; anthers ± 1.2 mm. long. Female inflorescence erect or spreading, 3–13 cm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers in extraordinary drooping glabrous racemes which may be branched; pedicels under 1 mm. long; calyx glabrous, 3 mm.; petals dark red, 4 mm.; anthers ± 1.2 mm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescence erect or spreading, 3–13 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruiting pedicel up to 3 mm. long; fruit ± 18 × 17 × (7 + 8) mm.; pericarp 2-valved, very fleshy; pseudaril a bright red shallowly lobed cup ± 6 mm. deep; stone white, minutely carunculate, gently curved, ± 11 × 6 × (1+ 3) mm.
    Habitat
    Open Acacia, Commiphora bushland, usually, perhaps always on gypseous soils; 400 m.; rainfall ± 230 mm.
    Distribution
    not yet recorded from Kenya but collected from hills within sight of the K1 border T3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Somalia

    Commiphora erlangeriana Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ellenbeck [2114a], Ethiopia K000199668
    Ellenbeck [2040], Ethiopia K000199667

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 311 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 447 (1990).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) 1: 384 (1956), pro parte.
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 453, 469 (1912).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 34: 311 (1904)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0