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  1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora glandulosa Schinz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Large shrub or small tree up to 8 m. tall; outer bark peeling in grey papery strips from the dark green under-bark; both long- and short-shoots spine-tipped, grey with well-marked circular lenticels; exudate very scanty, not aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves a vivid green, becoming olive-yellowish when old, those on short-shoots simple, those on long-shoots sometimes 3-foliolate with lateral leaflets up to half the size of the central; petiole 1–3 mm., or, in leaves on long-shoots, up to 15 mm. long, usually, like the basal part of the lower surface of the lamina, covered with minute glandular hairs, sometimes with some rather longer non-glandular hairs as well; lamina rather leathery with 5–8 principal lateral veins on each side which form angles of ± 70° with the midrib; ultimate vein network very prominent beneath, the midrib grooved in its basal part, spathulate-obovate, rounded apically, with 10–18 small teeth on each side, up to 55 mm. long and 24 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Male flowers dull red, 3–7 together in shortly glandular-pubescent cymes, peduncle, branches and pedicels in all up to 8 mm. long; bracteoles 0.3 mm. long; calyx glandular-pubescent, 1.8 mm. long including 0.7 mm. ovate lobes; petals 4.3 mm. long, recurved at the tip; filaments 3.0 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers dull red, 3–7 together in shortly glandular-pubescent cymes, peduncle, branches and pedicels in all up to 8 mm. long; bracteoles 0.3 mm. long; calyx glandular-pubescent, 1.8 mm. long including 0.7 mm. ovate lobes; petals 4.3 mm. long, recurved at the tip; filaments 3.0 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit subsessile, subglobose but slightly pointed, ± 10 × 9.5 × (4 + 6) mm.; pericarp 2-valved, unusually thick (1–2 mm.); pseudaril bright red, 4-armed but the arms wide and may perhaps sometimes coalesce; stone black, markedly rugose, ± 6.5 × 7 × (2.5 + 4) mm.; apical pits large, shield of dehiscence faintly marked; sterile locule humped and dorsally ridged, the stone thus appearing ± triquetrous when viewed from above.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/17–20, p. 10.
    Habitat
    Open woodland on rocky slopes and coastal evergreen bushland; 5–950 m.; rainfall 650–950 mm.
    Distribution
    T5 T6 T8 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Commiphora glandulosa Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 13, 2008 Crawford, F. [61], Namibia K000450357
    Jul 1, 1980 Lugard, E.J. [23] K000425396
    Jul 21, 1951 Milne-Redhead, , E. [1223], Zambia K000425397
    Pope, G.V. [376], Botswana K000511045
    Chapman [s.n.], Botswana K000511050
    Pole-Evans, I.B. [2595], Botswana K000511044
    Seiner, F. [103], Botswana K000511047
    Smith, P.A. [2699], Botswana K000511046
    Smith, P.A. [2521], Botswana K000511049
    Smith, P.A. [788], Botswana K000511051
    Hillary [517], Botswana K000511048
    Lisowski [64], Congo, DRC Commiphora thermitaria K000199625 Unknown type material
    Lisowski [65], Congo, DRC Commiphora thermitaria K000199626

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 633 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Van der Walt in Flora of Southern Africa 18: 11 (1986).
    • Van der Walt in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 12: 206, fig. 4 (1975)
    • Van der Walt in Bothalia 11: 57, figs. 1–7 (1973)
    • Brenan in Kew Bulletin 8: 106 (1953).
    • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 298 (1951).
    • Schinz in Bull. Herb. Boiss., sér. 2, 8: 633 (1908).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/